What is autism to you? Most think that they understand the many facets of autism, but the truth is that they likely don’t truly know what autism really is and its many impediments. Autism is a chronic neurobiological disorder with no known cure, affecting children and their families at an alarming rate. What autism is, treatment, building awareness and how to cope with autism is crucial in understanding the disorder fully and deserves further investigation.Autism is becoming one of the most prevailing ailments of today’s generations alongside mental retardation affecting approximately 1 in 150 children each year according to Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Autism spectrum disorder, also known as ASD, is a chronic neurobiological disorder and is incurable. Autism is one of many spectrum disorders that are defined by a variety of behavioral episodes. While it is said that two people can hold the same diagnosis of autism, the combination of behaviors and scale of severity can be exceedingly different. More than 1.5 million Americans are affected in some way by autism, with this number rapidly increasing daily; 100,000 are school-aged children who have been diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and are served under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Determining ASD has three symptoms or characteristics usually appearing by the age of three consisting of deficits in social interaction, repetitive behaviors including interests, and both nonverbal and verbal communication.Parents who do not attempt communication with an autistic child saw no progress, while a close parent and child relationships seemed to cause the child to thrive showing considerable progress. Since the nineteenth century, countless therapies have been developed to help autistic children, most notable being children being removed from their homes to see if they would recover from their disorder, without evidence of effectiveness this method is no longer used today. Twenty-first-century therapies such as Applied Behavior Analysis, Pivotal Response Training, Occupational Therapy, Physical Therapy, and Sensory Integration Therapy all have a part in the scientific treatment of the disorder. Alternative methods can also be used in aiding those affected, this includes dietary intervention, vitamin and mineral supplements, musical arts therapy, and social skills groups. One of the most utilized methods today is Applied Behavior Therapy; although this method is very time-consuming it shows positive results in patients. According to ongoing research, special diets where removing gluten, gliadin, and casein from the diets of autistic children helped individuals. These findings are being backed by multiple studies in the United Kingdom, Norway, Italy and the United States. It is said there are eighteen different research papers that have been published since 1965 by scientists in six different countries reporting that more than half of all autistic children and adults show improvement when given larger amounts of B6, a natural substance that our brains require, the vitamin along with magnesium is used to produce serotonin.