What are Gall Stones? Gallstones are small hardened deposits of fluid found in the bladder. Gallstones are formed from crystals of cholesterol found in bile. Gallstones are not dangerous unless they start to block ducts such as the bile duct and the cystic duct, which transport digestive fluids to and from the gallbladder. Organs Affect Gallbladder and the Pancreas Gall Bladder Function- the gallbladder stores bile that is produced and passed down from the liver until it is needed in the small intestine. Bile is essential for digestion because it breaks down fats into smaller droplets. Gallstones prevent bile from entering the small intestine because gallstones block the ducts. Function- the pancreas secretes approximately 1 liter of pancreatic fluid into the small intestine every day. Pancreatic fluid holds multiple enzymes that chemically break down carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins. It also contains bicarbonate, which adjusts the pH of chyme, producing the perfect pH the enzymes work the best in. Due to inflammation of the gallbladder and ducts near the duodenum, the pancreas also swells up and complications with fluid transport arise. Diagnosis Ultrasound, CT Scan, and MRI Ultrasound During an ultrasound, a transducer is used. The transducer bounces off sound waves of off the or body part to make a picture of their internal structure. A specifically trained doctor performs this diagnosis in a medical center or hospital. Ultrasound is one of the most accurate methods to distinguish gallstones. A radiologist— a specialized doctor in medical imaging then translates the images. If gallstones are existing in the gallbladder, then they will be clearly seen in the images. CT Scan A CT scan is an x ray that makes images of the body. A CT scan can possibly include the injection of contrast medium. CT scans produce images with a combination of x rays and computer technology. During a CT scan, the person being examined lies down on a table, which then slides into a cylinder-shaped device. This is where the x rays are taken of the body part damaged. A specifically trained doctor performs this procedure in a medical institution or hospital. After the x rays are taken then a radiologist translates the images into words. CT scans show gallstones or complications like blockages in the ducts and infections. MRI MRI machines use magnets to make images of the organs and tissues. A specialized technician performs this diagnosis in a medical center or a hospital. There is a slight possibility that an MRI may include an injection. Most MRI machines require the patient to lie on their back on a bed, which then slides into a tunnel-shaped device. A radiologist then translates the images. MRIs displays gallstones in the ducts of the binary system.