Vincent van Gogh is a Dutch painter. He was born on 30 March 1853 in Zundert, Netherlands. Heis known as one of the most famous artists that led the Post-Impressionism art movement.However, he remained poor and virtually unknown throughout his life. Most of his artworks arecreated with bold colors and expressive brush strokes, and are notable for its beauty, emotionand color. Landscapes, still life, portraits and self-portraits are his strengths. He creates andcontributes a lot of artworks, most of them are oil paintings, watercolors, sketches and drawings.There are many notable works of him such as Sunflowers (1887), The Starry Night (1889) andWheatfield with Crows (1890).12Description:Recognizable SubjectsAt a glance, there are three women in this piece of landscape painting. Apparently, they are inthe garden for the reason that there are flowers and bushes. The young woman on the left iswearing a shawl and holding an umbrella while the older one on the right is wearing a blueshawl covering her body. It seems to be a mother and her daughter enjoying the magnificentview in the garden. Behind them are cypress bushes, a bed of cabbages and flowers. At the rightside of the artwork, there is also a woman that looks like a maidservant bending down seemsplucking or arranging the flowers.Visual Element and Their QualitiesThe artist uses different line techniques to assemble this artwork including curvy lines, irregularlines, straight lines as well as different thickness of lines. It can be seen that the artist paintedthe human figures with short brush strokes of broken color. These broken strokes sort ofassisted to differentiate the two women and the cypress bushes as well as the maidservant andthe sand path. This artwork is vivid in color, which cold and warm colors are well-matched. Also,it can be discovered that this artwork is painted by overlapping different colors in conjunctionwith different tones. The artist uses stippling and also short dashes techniques to createdifferent textures in an expressive way and can be seen clearly from the artwork. It appears thatthere are human figures, flowers and bushes in this artwork, thus this piece of artwork ismajorly composed with organic shapes and the assistance of curvy shapes. This artwork is inorganic form as it consists plants, human figures as well as a thematic of garden. Based onperception, this artwork is composed in an interesting way for the reason that it has an illusionof depth and a flattened two-dimensional space.Technical Qualities:This artwork is painted with oil on canvas thus naturally creates its own actual textures. Basedon the observation, the artist seems to employ dabbing technique to the artwork, which is afrequently used technique to create dots of colors onto the canvas. This technique can be seenfrom the shawls of the women as well as the clothes of the maidservant. Furthermore, itappears that the artist uses a technique of dipping different colors together to paint the flowers,cabbages and cypress bushes as it helps to add richness and dimension.13Analysis:Size/Scale RelationshipsA diminishing scale can be seen clearly from the artwork by cause of the subjects and objectsgradually become smaller from the left to the right. It can be interpreted as the two women arethe frontal subjects, the maidservant is in the middle ground while the cypress bushes, cabbagesand flower beds are the furthest objects. Since the two women are the closest subjects, theyappeared to be the largest in compared to others and are more engrossing.Shape RelationshipsAs mentioned in the name of this artwork, this painting is a scene in the garden. Hence, thereare undoubtedly a lot of nature paintings in this artwork including flowers, cabbages and cypressbushes. The shape of these nature paintings are organic. There are a lot of curvy shapes placedand combined together to depict different element. For instance, the bed of cabbages, theborder of white flowers and the sand path are both in curvy shapes, they are combined next toeach other and created an outstanding depth feel. There are also pointed shapes combined withcurvy shapes to form the cypress bushes. On the other hand, it can be seen that the humanfigures are painted geometrically with the combination of several straight lines and some curvylines.Color RelationshipsAt first sight, the colors used to paint this artwork are full of vividness. The artist painted theshawl of the younger woman with green, orange and blue colors, which are color palettes thatcomplement very well when they are applied next to each other. Furthermore, the red colorumbrella assists the younger woman to stand out against the dark green cypress bushes at theback, which is achieved by the contrast between warm and cold colors. While the shawl of theolder woman is painted with a color scheme of blue violet in combination with red color dots.The colors used for these two women depicts two different feelings and energy between youngand old women. For instance, orange and red as warm colors indicate active and high energyhence are used to paint the young women; while blue-violet as a cold color is considered to berestful and quiet as well as low energy, which precisely suits the characteristic of the old woman.Moreover, the sand path in the artwork is eye-catching as a consequence of the using of raworange that has very high visibility.14Texture Surface RelationshipsIt appears that this artwork has a variety of textures in painting. Since this artwork is paintedwith oil on canvas, it has an actual texture of roughness which can be seen on the faces of thewomen. On the other hand, the artist plays with different color palettes and creates a diversityof abstract textures. The textures have no illusionary but in a way are very expressive and varyslightly. For instances, it appears that the artist creates a repetition of red dots as a pattern onthe blue-violet shawl of the older women as well as short dashes to create textures on thecypress bushes. However, an illusion of depth can be discovered from the textures of the sandpath as the artist composes the dashes in curvy lines follow by the border of white flowers.Space and Volume RelationshipsThe whole artwork gives an illusion of depth for the reason that the artist employs thetechnique of overlapping. This technique enables the artwork to establish proximity and createa convincing illusion of depth in spite of the flat surface. For instance, the two women areperceived as closer subjects because the cypress bushes and cabbages behind are being covered.Despite the two-dimensional space, it appears that the artist uses one-point perspective tocompose this artwork, which the vanishing point is on the upper-right of the artwork.Interpretation:Memory of the Garden at Etten (Ladies of Arles) is produced at Arles, where the artist Vincentvan Gogh moved and set up a studio after leaving the family home in 1888. This artwork has astrong influence of Paul Gauguin’s Arlésiennes (Mistral) as they worked and painted together atthe Yellow House in Arles. The word “garden at Etten” actually refers to the parsonage garden atEtten. Etten is where Vincent van Gogh lived with his parents and spent most of his time, at thesame time began his ten-year career as an artist. It is also where he developed an accomplishedtechnique in landscape drawing and practiced his figure drawing.According to the letter that Vincent van Gogh wrote to his sister, this piece of artwork is areminiscence of the garden at Etten. It can be interpreted that the young woman in the leftcorner resembles his sister while the older woman resembles his mother. Vincent van Goghpainted this artwork to put in his bedroom, and also by the reason of his dissatisfaction inregards to the portrait of his mother. Vincent van Gogh explained that the garden he painted inthis artwork isn’t much of a resemblance because it is based on his imagination and the style hefeels from the garden. Other than that, he also relates the colors he used to paint the twowomen as the personalities of his mother and sister to him. However, the biographer of Vincentvan Gogh suggests that the younger woman is a representation of Kee Vos Stricker, whomVincent van Gogh proposed marriage to but being rejected.15After being rebuffed by Kee Vos Stricker, Vincent van Gogh suffered from depressions and wasin trouble. As a result of his depressions and nervousness, he produced a lot of artworks in afrenetic way. However, it can be interpreted through this artwork that Vincent van Gogh istrying to heal himself. The color he used to paint the sand path is raw orange, which is a colorthat assists a person to recover from disappointments. He attempts to use raw orange toalleviate his wounded heart, as well as to express himself.In Arles, Vincent van Gogh met Paul Gauguin and worked together with him. It was when PaulGauguin introduced his concept of painting to Vincent van Gogh and encouraged him. As such,this artwork is a response of Vincent van Gogh’s attempt to open up himself to Paul Gauguin’sinfluence.This artwork gives a feeling of home. It makes the viewers to imagine as if they are in the gardenenjoying the magnificent view and the scent of flower blossoms with their family. As relates toreal life situations, people nowadays seldom spend time with their families as a consequence ofworking and studying. Or with the reason of spending most of their time on phones that theyhave forgotten to keep In touch with their families or even care about their health and feelings.The artwork seems to remind the viewers about their families and how important they are, justlike how Vincent van Gogh believes that an artist has to truly understand nature to gaininspirations, peace and love.Judgement:This piece of artwork fulfilled the principles of art in various way. One of the examples is thecontrast between elements of art. It can be defined that the artist uses complimentary colors topaint this artwork, hence achieves the contrast of colors when the complementary colors areplaced next to each other. For instances, the shawls of the young and old women are orangeand blue-violet; the color of the sand path is raw orange while the bed of cabbages is bluishgreen. Furthermore, the artist also employs the principle of emphasis by isolation in this artwork,which the two women on the left corner stands out as a focal point and command the viewers’attentions. On the other hand, a sense of movement can be discovered from the sand path. It iscreated by curvy lines of dashes that implied as if the two women are walking in the garden.Other than that, it can be visually seen that the artist creates several patterns in this artwork byusing repetition of points and lines. They are not considered as unique patterns but areexpressive enough to embellish the artwork.The weakness of this artwork is formed due to the painting style of the artist. Since this is anartwork that the artist expresses himself, it appears to be very expressive. As a result, theobjects in the artwork do not appear to be what the artist attempts to be at the first sight. Itrequires the viewers to look closer and identify what are them. For instances, the bed of bluishgreen cabbages appeared to be a lake at a glance and the cypress bushes do not really look likecypress bushes.16In conclusion, this artwork is considered as an expressivism artwork for the reason that it is anartwork of reminiscence. It contains Vincent van Gogh’s loves to his mother and sister as well ashis feelings to the garden at the place where he used to live in, which is very expressive and fullof stories. It is also an artwork of how Vincent van Gogh plays and relates the colors to thepersonalities of his mother and sister. The intention of in this artwork is very straight forwardand easy to feel through this artwork.Comparison:It appears that “Dirgahayu Negaraku” by Mohamad Ismadi Sallehudin and “Memory of theGarden at Etten (Ladies at Arles)” by Vincent van Gogh are two different style of artworks andare created with different mediums. One is a construction with old wooden planks, metal andgolden sticks while another is an oil painting on canvas.Apparently, the names of these two artists have defined their nationalities – a Malaysian artistand a Dutch painter. They are also two different artists in two different eras. “DirgahayuNegaraku” is a creation of current era while “Memory of the Garden at Etten (Ladies at Arles)” isan artwork of the French art movement Post-Impressionism.First of all, it can be visually seen that the color schemes used in these two artworks have atremendous difference, which “Dirgahayu Negaraku” has a limited colors of three primarycolors and achromatic colors while “Memory of the Garden at Etten (Ladies at Arles)” has avariety of vivid and brilliant colors. Regardless of the color schemes they used, both artworks areportrayed in an excellent way. However, for the reason that “Memory of the Garden at Etten(Ladies at Arles)” are painted with more colors and tones, it eventually brings more excitementand commands the viewers’ attentions in compared with “Dirgahayu Negaraku”. Other than thereason of colors, “Dirgahayu Negaraku” is considered a static artwork as it is not a painting andhas a lot of limitations; while “Memory of the Garden at Etten (Ladies at Arles)” is more activeand in a way fulfilled illusionary, movement, space, etc. Moreover, “Dirgahayu Negaraku” hasactual textures of smoothness and roughness while “Memory of the Garden at Etten (Ladies atArles)” has only an actual texture of roughness.Since these two artworks have different styles, the artists appear to express themselves indifferent ways – Mohamad Ismadi Sallehudin expressed himself by using different materials thatindicate different meanings to construct his work; while Vincent van Gogh expressed himself byusing different brush strokes and painting techniques to compose his work.Lastly, these two artworks are both categorized as artworks of expressivism even though theyhave a lot of differences. It is because of they are created with the intentions to express feelings,which “Dirgahayu Negaraku” is to conveys the artist’s feeling towards the society and to remindthe people about the importance of unity; while “Memory of the Garden at Etten (Ladies atArles)” is how the artist express his feelings to his mother and sister in conjunction with the stylehe feels through the garden.