Type of State:
(official name: State of Israel) is a nation-state based on parliamentary
democracy, except in the Palestinian territories.
Powers are in the hands of the President, who is Head of the State and elected
by the Israeli parliament, the Knesset, for a seven-year term. His/Her role is
essentially ceremonial. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President for
the four year term. The Prime Minister is head of the Government and holds the
executive power, including the execution of the law and the management of the
country’s current affairs. The Prime Minister select the cabinet before it is
approved by Knesset.
power in Israel is unicameral. The Knesset (parliament) consists of 120 members
for a four-year term. The Knesset can be dissolved by a simple majority through
a vote of no confidence. The Prime Minister cannot dissolve or veto the
Knesset. Israeli citizens have significant political rights.
Main Political Parties:
Israeli political system is mixture of different political parties. No party is
having the independent powers, so political groups often co-operate and form
coalition governments. The main political parties are:
– Likud: National Liberal Party,
– Zionist Union: centre-left
– Joint List: consists of Arab parties
– Yesh Atid: centre, liberal
– Kulanu: centre, focusses on economic
Current Political Leaders:
President: Reuven Rivlin (since July 2014) – Likoud
Prime Minister: Binjamin Netanyahu (since March 2009) as
head of the coalition Government.
political structure of Israel operates on the basis of the principle of power
separation. This means that the government which is responsible for
administrating the internal and foreign affairs is liable to be affected by the
confidence of the legislative branch – the Knesset which makes law and has the
right to elect or remove the President. Moreover, the independence of judicial
branch which consists of both secular and religious courts is dependent on law.
This fragmentation of the Israeli political system is required because the
country has such a great deal of cultural and political varieties in its
society spanning from non-religious to the religious ones like ultra- Orthodox
Jews, Jews of Middle Eastern and European descent as well as the division
between the Jewish majority and Arab Palestinian minority.
Threat of Unstable Political Status:-
Prime Minister for “a new, better, more
stable government, a broad-based government that can govern its citizens”, but
the country’s political status doesn’t have any improvements. In the decade of
2000-2010 country has experienced four though election should be happened in
every four years. This is considered as a great threat to its national security
because the frequent changes in government have, in one way or another, restricted
the Israeli government’s governing power. In addition, the conflicts between
Israel and its neighboring countries, especially Palestine, also contribute
effectively to the country’s political instability and influence its economy at
drastically. There is also a controversy between Israel and Palestine for the
dominance over the Jerusalem. US also interfere many times to resolve this issue
but not succeeded. One research’s result shows that both Israel and Palestine
would gain billions of dollars from peace. However, the vision of the Israel
with political stability is still pretty unclear though it is extremely
necessary for the country’s economic reform.