To by Muslim scholars from all over the


To what extent did the Muslims influence
life in Spain as we know it today? The investigation done to best answer the
question was propelled further using the following two sources. The two main
sources I used to conduct my research were a book and the website Don Quijote.
Both are secondary sources which have brief sections of primary sources
intertwined all throughout the texts. These sources contain information
pertaining to the answers to the question. One of the sources used in the research
process of this paper was the book 1001 Inventions: The Enduring Legacy of
Muslim Civilization by a professor from the United Kingdom by the name Salim
T.S. Al-Hassani. Published in 2012, this book is a compilation of many
different innovations and discoveries made by Muslim scholars from all over the
world. It outlines many little discoveries and goes into detail about many of
the impactful ideas and inventions that greatly affected the world. Published
by National geographic, this book serves the purpose of informing its readers
about the thousands of scientific, social and technological achievements of the
Muslims scholars, scientists amongst many other occupations during the
enlightenment period from all over the world. The book contains much information
about the changes in the universe, markets, schools, astronomy, and hospitals
made by the Muslims and who specifically contributed and what their
contributions were. Although this is a great source of information, it has its
limitations. The book is not translated in other languages and is only
available in the English language. The book also doesn’t introduce many
scholars and locations in the story which makes it difficult to interpret
exactly where or who is has made discoveries. The second source is a website
named Don Quijote. Don Quijote is a Spanish language learning site based in
Spain that outlines everything from culture to recipes and so much more. The
specific content of the site entails all of the influences that the Arab
culture on Spanish language and culture. The value this site brings is the
knowledge of the linguistic changes occurring to the Spanish language

The Moors made many advancements
that affected life as we know it today. The Moors are members of the Islamic
Faith who reside in modern day Spain and Portugal. The Muslim world began to
flourish in the 7th century and continued to flourish until the 16th
century. During this time, Muslim Scholars contributed to the previous
discoveries and knowledge made by the other ancient communities and made
significant advances. The Moors has heavy influences on the life in Spain
amongst many other regions around world. They affected the architecture,
education, fashion, food, language and culture of the lands they conquered.
advances were mainly made in the topics of medicine, language and technology
and have affected life for many centuries far after their initial discovery.

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             During the time the Moors occupied Spain, many
advancements were made to the Spanish language based off of the Arabic language
that was intermixing with the Spanish language during the time. One of the
specific impacts Moors made on Spanish was the pronunciation of the letter “h”.
The H is said silently in most regions of the world that speak Spanish however,
in Spain the H is pronounced with a deep and throaty sound. Another impact the
moors made on the Spanish language was the introduction of many new words based
off of the Arabic language. There are over 8,000 words in the Spanish language
that have originated from Arabic. These words include names of landmarks,
adjectives and words pertaining to farming. There are many terms in Spanish
that are based off Arabic words that were in use before. The following quote
consists of a brief paragraph that outlines a few of these words.

A Spanish housewife goes about her
tasks (tarea – tarihah) cleaning the tiles (azulejos – al-zulayj) and
door-knocker (aldaba – al-dabba). As the masons (albaniles – al-banna) toil,
they drink from a water-jug (jara – jarrah) by letting a stream from the spout
fall through the air into their mouths- a method of drinking brought into Spain
by the Muslims. (Salloum, Par.10)

The Spanish language was greatly
impacted by the Moors. They advanced the language and created many words that
had not existed before. Without the addition the Moors made to Spanish, there
would be different names for many items in life, the pronunciation of many
words would be different and some words would not exist all together.

            The Moors
made many advancements in Medicine that have affected life in Spain today. Muslim
belief is to help the sick no matter who they may be. This belief played an
influential part when the medical advances were occurring. The Moors built upon
the medical knowledge that was already instilled into the knowledge the
Spaniards possessed. Without many of the discoveries made by Moors, the medical
developments made in today’s world would not have been possible. In tenth
century Spain, a surgeon by the name of Abul Qasim Khalaf ibn al-Abbas Al-Zahrawi
had written a medical encyclopedia which held a massive amount of knowledge on
over 200 surgical tools. Al-Zahrawi made intricate diagrams of each instrument
and included information on how and when the tools were to be used.

…a cutting-edge surgeon called Abul
Qasim Khalaf ibn al-Abbas al-Zahrawi, a man known in the West as Abulcasis. He
would have already written Al-Tasrif, his medical encyclopedia, in which he
included more than 200 surgical tools. Apart from some sketches of instruments
carved in ancient Egyptian tombs, this may have been the first treatise in the
history of medicine to illustrate surgical instruments. In fact, their design
was so accurate that they have had only a few changes in a millennium, and it
was these illustrations that laid the foundation for surgery in Europe.
(Al-Hassani 2012, 158)

Al-Zahrawi carried out many
operations and masses of treatments during his life. One notable innovation of
Al-Zahrawi’s was the use of catgut for internal stitching. This surgical
practice is still used during surgery today. Other important tools that are
still used in medicine today are the syringe, the forceps, the surgical hook
and needle, and the bone saw which were all designs of Al-Zahrawi. Without the
innovations and knowledge on medical procedures composed by Al-Zahrawi and
other Moor scholars in Spain, medicine and medical treatments would not be as
developed and advanced as it is today. Surgeries involving childbirth, kidney
stones, bladder infections even tonsillitis would be far behind their time.
Many medical treatments developed today would not be possible without the
advancements Moors made in during their enlightenment period.

            The Moors
during their enlightenment period not only made many advancements in medicine
and literature but also in technology. Many of the discoveries made by the
Moors were some of the precursors to the intricate devices in the modern world.
The discoveries made in technology were far ahead of their time and were
pertaining to many different topics. One of the greatest discoveries made by Abu
Ishaq Ibrahim al-Zarqali was the refined astrolabe. This astrolabe was much
more advanced than the one previously made by Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi as it could
be used from any geographical location anywhere around the world.

astrolabe is described by Dr. Harold Williams, an American astrophysicist, as “the
most important astronomical calculating device before the invention of digital
computers and the mist important astronomical observational device before the
invention of the telescope.” (Al-Hassani 2012, 280)

astronomical advancements influenced the studies of astronomy in many regions
of the world including Spain. These astrolabes designed by Moors preformed many
tasks in a wide variety of themes such as astrology, navigation and surveying,
all of which are very important to life of future Spaniards. Without the
astrolabe as a predecessor to many other technological devices, the navigation
that occurred in Spain in the 15th century and for many centuries
afterward till this day.

            There are
many advances in the lives of Spanish residents that have occurred due to the
influence of the Moors from centuries before. Many developments in the world
were due to the Moors and without Moorish influences on the world, the advancement
of our daily lives would not be as far as it has reached today. Specific
examples of changes noticed today dur to the Moors in Spain are in dialect have
been noted after the invasion of the Moors in the 8th century, the
introduction of astronomical instruments such as the astrolabe amongst many
other technological devices that came about during the enlightenment period the
moors encountered as well as the medical developments that occurred due to the
insightful scholars of Spain during this time. Each of these developments
outlines a significant impact made on modern day life. The medical discoveries
Al- Zahrawi made impacted the surgeries and the improvement of the treatments
offered world-wide in the modern day. In the same way, the improvement of the
astrolabe propelled the astronomical studies that happen in Spain today. In
addition to both of these, the inclusion of words to the Spanish language based
off of the Arabic word in existence expanded the vocabulary of modern day
Spaniards which is associated with daily life and literature. These
improvements made by the Moors affected the life of modern Spaniards and past
generations of Spaniards.

            The information
I receive from all of my sources including physical sources as well as
electronic sources had information that was viable for the topic I was
researching. There was much information on the enlightenment period the Muslims
were going through while the rest of the world was facing their dark times. The
electronic sources outline the basics of the information needed to answer the
question while the books explained in detail what specifically was occurring
during this discovery period. I learned much about how historians had to look
through well-kept records written by the Muslims to gather their information.
This information was usually in Arabic and it proved to be a limitation for
those historians who did not have the knowledge on how to speak or interpret
the language. Another limitation for the historians would also be the validity
of the information they are finding. There is no way to account for all the
information found in the old records and books to be true. The reliability of
the sources the historians are using to conduct their research can also be
questioned. The only way to be sure that their information is correct is to
double check it against other compilations of work and other sources of
information. There is also the worry about the bias depicted in works. Authors
of sources may be biased towards their opinion which is why it is good to use
sources that come from big organizations such as National Geographic, which is
the publisher of one of the books I used. Some difficulties I faced while
finding sources for my research came about when I was trying to narrow down
sources that specifically effected people that lived in Spain. Much information
can be found about the impact Muslims had in different locations all around the
world but when trying to refine the search down to one specific country, the
research became harder and good sources became sparse. In the end, I had to
fins information about scholars that had lived in Spain and the areas that were
considered to be Spain in the past and narrowed down the effects of the
discoveries made by these scholars. The refined information found from the
filter I placed on the sources found made it easier to connect the discoveries
of the Moors to how life in Spain is different and has been effected by the


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