Throughout hired into the jobs that belonged to

Throughout World War I, women and the homefront affected the World War I greatly. Even though you do not see them most of the time, they helped the war in their own ways. They helped the men fight by making weapons. Women and the homefront was when women were hired into the jobs that belonged to the men that went to go fight in the war. There were also new jobs made. In this paper you will find out how women and the homefront greatly affected World War I. Most women were hired into the jobs that belonged to men. At first, there was some resistance for a woman to have a man’s job but the need for their work became urgent. Then the government started to organize the employment of women by campaigns. This had women start working in areas that were more made for men. For example, police, postal workers, railway guards, and a few more. Some women worked on heavy machinery in engineering,or worked in the civil service factories. Although, they received less pay for performing the same job. Even though women had to go fill in the jobs for the men that went to go fight in the war, there were new jobs made, such as munitions factories. Munitions factories provided the armed forces with the armaments and the equipment they needed to fight. They freed the men from the workplace to join the war. Even though the factories helped men and the supplies they needed but they were very dangerous. There were health hazards such as, being exposed to chemicals, having poor ventilation, and lifting heavy objects. Also the women had to work long hours and they had short breaks or none at all. The munitions factories were very dangerous for women but helped the men in the war. Women also had to deal with TNT which was also known as ‘canaries’.Women had to use a chemical compound called trinitrotoluene to make explosives. This chemical compound turned the skin yellow. Also, they worked with poisonous matter, and didn’t have protective clothing. There became a high demand for weapon this meant munitions factories would become the largest single women employer in 1918. The employment rates increased, while some women got called up to support the war. The factories produced 80% of the weapons that were used by the British Army. The rates for women’s employment increased during the war. In 1914 rates started at 23.6% and in 1918 the rates were between 37.7% and 46.7%. These estimates are not exact because of the domestic workers, and they were not included from those figures. Domestic workers took care of household services. They cleaned, and they maintained the household. More women converted to the new jobs in factories and left the domestic work because they needed to support the war. Northern black women moved into factory jobs, but were given the most exhausting and dangerous ones.


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