The which allowed for the group to develop

The formation of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria leads back to 2003, when American forces invaded Iraq. In October of 2006, The Islamic State of Iraq, also referred to as ISI, was created by the terrorist group al-Qaeda (CNN). Al-Qaeda was founded by Abu Musab al Zarqawi as a rising against the American troops located in Iraq. In 2007, the Shiite government installed by the United States encouraged Sunni Muslims to reject al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI).  During the uprising against dictator Bashar al-Assad in Syria, AQI would travel to Syria, which allowed for the group to develop important connections. As Assad began to turn against his people, a civil war broke out. This gave al-Qaeda the opportunity to establish themselves in Syria, which lead to the renaming of the group as The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, also referred to as ISIS (Cassis). Since their establishment, the group had expanded to 23,320 square miles of Syria and Iraq by the end of 2016. In 2015, ISIS held 3,500 slaves captive, with a majority of them being women and children of the Yazidi community. ISIS posted images of a man that was accused of being gay being thrown off a building in March of 2015. This follows the pattern of  ISIS’s tendencies to harm or attack people who act in a manner that they do not deem as correct. In Baghdad, a suicide car bomb killed at least 292 people, while also injuring another 200, on July 3, 2016. Recently, ISIS has slowly been losing their power. On October 17, 2017 the group lost control of their capital, Raqqa. Furthermore, the Iraqi military claims to have “‘fully liberated’ all of Iraq’s territory of ‘ISIS terrorist gangs’ and retaken full control of the Iraqi-Syrian border” (CNN). UN INVOLVEMENT The United Nations security council has been very adamant about creating tactics and solutions to combat ISIS.  Following the Paris attacks conducted by ISIS on November 13, 2015, the United Nations unanimously voted and agreed that further actions and solutions must be implemented in order to combat the terrorist group (York).  On February 12, 2015 the UN Security Council also cut down all indirect and direct financing of ISIS, made it illegal to pay ransoms, and purchase oil from ISIS owned refineries (United Nations).  This resolution was proposed by Russia and ultimately passed.       Besides the Security Council, other branches of the United Nations have also taken measures to combat ISIS.  For example, The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has aided in returning family heirlooms, religious manuscripts, and other items of cultural and historic value (United Nations).  These priceless items have been misplaced or traded on the blackmarket due to the illegal “smuggle and trade” business run by ISIS. The terrorist organization profits from selling valuable items and heirlooms on the blackmarket; this emphasizes the need for the immediate termination of these practices due to them still being a source of funding. DELEGATION POLICY AND SOLUTION The Netherlands, as of autumn of 2014, has begun to combat and decrease the spread of ISIS, while still protecting its citizens and its territory. The country stands in full agreement with the proposed resolution passed by the United Nations in 2015.  The Netherlands have concluded it is in the country’s best interest to take a passive approach when combating this extremist group.  With a stronger emphasis on humanitarian issues, The Netherlands have financially aided women’s rights organizations in order to expand their knowledge on political issues as well as increase their involvement in politics.  The Netherlands have also put aside aside an extra 25 million euros in order to help the Syrian Red Cross and assist specific regions which are under terrorist rule (Zaken).  This approach to the issue of ISIS is tailored to halt its spread, protect Dutch citizens, and support people directly affected by ISIS and other terrorist organizations. As a small nation with regards to population and geographic size, the Netherlands do not have the capability to send in copious amounts of troops, unlike powerhouse nations such as the United States and Russia.  Being among the wealthiest countries in in the world, however, allows the Netherlands to be capable of funding Syria and support the fight against ISIS (Wedia).   With additional funding, the Netherlands could also take a more aggressive approach and conduct more military airstrikes in regions where ISIS activities are concentrated.  However, a potential downfall to taking this approach is that these airstrikes have the capacity to kill large numbers of civilians living in the areas that ISIS has occupied. The Netherlands could also potentially go into debt due to an overreach in funding humanitarian organizations and military provisions, which could potentially damage the countries economy. As ISIS is a prominent issue on a global scale, it is crucial that its growth is halted and affected countries are aided in this “war on terror”.  The Netherlands hopes to support this fight and contribute the necessary resources in order to resolve this issue.


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