“The much cognitive research, and developed the nine

“The term learning styles is widely used to describe how
learners gather, sift through, interpret, organize, come to conclusions about,
and “store” information for further use.” (Nancy
Chick, n.d.) The theory of a one-step approach to
learning is not acceptable because we all learn differently. We are all
familiar with the three general categories that define how people learn. There are
visual learners, auditory learners, and kinesthetic learners. The first three
tests I will be taking are the learning styles test. These tests show different
approaches people use to learn. The last test I will be taking is the multiple
intelligences assessment and this test will tell us how people process
information. There must be a clear distinction between the two tests.

            In 1983, Dr. Howard Gardner of Harvard
University identified that there are nine different learning styles. These are called
multiple intelligences. Gardner gained his theory after much cognitive research,
and developed the nine categories listed below:

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Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence 





Gardner states “As the name indicates, I believe that human cognitive
competence is better described in terms of a set of abilities, talents, or
mental skills, which I call intelligences” (Gardner,
The key is to find out the best way for you to learn, study, and use
your skills to be a better student and learner.  

first test taken was the Learning Styles Test 1. Test 1 revealed that I am an
auditory learner, this means the learner must hear things to have the best
chance at learning. Auditory learners generally remember 75% of what they hear
during a lecture. To me, this seems like a very good skill to have. Some of the
learning strengths of an auditory learner are, they remember oral instructions
well and understand information best when they hear it verbally, as opposed to
reading it. I found some learning strategies for this type of learner to be interesting;
reciting information out loud, setting goals out loud, and reading out loud
when possible assists learning. These learning strategies are interesting
because I have found that I use some of these strategies when learning information.

learning or studying, I tend to say things out loud if I feel they will be important
on a future test or assignment. I feel that I understand things better when I
read them out loud, but I also feel the need to write things down and say each
word as I am writing to help me retain the information. Auditory learners need
silence to study, and this is eminently true for me. Auditory learners are
easily distracted by noise. I find that I do my best studying and learning at
night when my children have gone to bed and everything is quiet. I have tried
listening to music while I do homework and I find that it is also distracting.
I would say that classifying myself as an auditory learner would be a correct evaluation.

second test taken was the Learning Styles Test 2. This test concludes that I am
also a visual learner. From this test, I determined that visual learners learn
better by writing. These learners remember most of what they read and write, work
better in a quite place, and most learn best alone. Visual learners benefit
from the use of flash cards, previewing the reading before they read it, and
the use of charts. They also use maps, posters, film, and video to help them learn.
Some strategies that help visual learners focus include; looking at people when
they are speaking, using color to highlight important parts of readings, and setting
goals before starting an assignment by writing them down. You can post the
notes in front of you, or where your eye will catch it, so you will remember to
do your work.

third test taken was global vs. analytical. This test tells me that I am an
analytical thinker. Analytical thinkers tend to ask questions such as, Should I
use a pen or pencil? When is this due? What should I do first? Can you check my
work? Or what do you think of this? I would say this fits me well. People who
think analytically tend to make decisions based on logic, common sense, and
rationality. They need visual reinforcement and specific directions. They might
underline or highlight the important information to help them. People who are
visual learners tend to have left-brain dominance also.

would say I am more of an analytical thinker. Analytical thinkers take more of
a linear step-wise approach to learning. I would say this is true for me. For
example, writing this paper I do things in a process to keep myself organized.
I start with a rough draft, and then write down my ideas. Next, I write a more
formal draft and add information where I need to and check for grammar errors.
I then type up my paper and print it and have someone else check for grammar
and wording errors, so I can make the final changes before submitting it.  I tend to be more comfortable when I stick to
details and structured information. Like most analytical learners, when I
receive a grade, I want to know why I made that specific grade or error.

fourth and final test taken was the Multiple Intelligences Assessment. This
assessment is a little different from the previous tests discussed. This test
told me that my highest categories were, visual-spatial 100%, interpersonal
94%, logical- mathematical 88%, and verbal-linguistic and intrapersonal 75%. My
lowest categories were naturalistic 58%, bodily-kinesthetic 25%, and musical

was my highest category on the intelligence assessment. This type of
intelligence allows you to see and modify things in your mind. With this
understanding of the visual world, and its relationship to physical items, this
intelligence would be valuable for solving spatial problems and doing crafts.
Visual learners organize with color, draw related images next to notes, and use
arrows between ideas to create connection points. This intelligence lets you
visualize your topic, and when you are learning something new, imagine what it
will look like.

second highest category I scored in was interpersonal intelligence. This
category has to do with social interaction and understanding the people around
you. This includes their motives, emotions, perspectives, and their moods. This
type of intelligence is important in managing relationships, understanding
situations and can be helpful in negotiating conflict. It is especially helpful
if you work in a career that requires insight or an understanding of someone
else’s thoughts or feelings. These might include careers such as teaching,
psychology and sales. Interpersonal intelligence tells us that people with this
type of intelligence would be good at giving and receiving feedback. They might
excel at talking out problems, working in large groups and using social
abilities to divide tasks and understand all aspects of the project.
Interpersonal intelligence also tells us that people with this intelligence can
be a part of active learning through mentoring and tutoring.

scored 88% in logical- mathematical. This intelligence tells us that people can
think about what they are trying to learn as a puzzle or formula. They ask
questions and allow themselves to experiment with their own hypotheses to find
solutions and new answers. This intelligence allows people to create an outline
and to understand their subject step by step. Doing so allows them to stay
organized and track what they are learning in a logical sequence. This type of
intelligence asks questions, finds solutions and reflects on the
problem-solving process.

last intelligence I scored high in was verbal-linguistic. This intelligence,
along with logical-mathematical is often associated with doing well in school. It
involves the ability to use words effectively for reading, writing, listening,
and speaking. With this intelligence, you can use words to explain complicated
subjects. They ask many questions, and digest information through a question and
answer exchange.

carefully analyzing the results from the four assessments, I find them to be accurate.
I agree with being an auditory, visual, and analytical learner. I feel these can
be a well-rounded approach to learning. The only category that I found
disagreement with, was how high I scored in the logical-mathematical section of
the multiple intelligence test. I find that I struggle with the mathematical
processes and it takes total concentration to wrap my mind around that area of
learning. This might be related to my dyslexia.

on the assessments and my findings, I plan to focus on the areas where I scored
highest, and work on the areas where I may need some improvement. As a leader,
we should always be looking ahead and looking for areas to improve ourselves. I
was pleased to see the areas where I needed improvement and feel this is
accurate. Being a strong leader and improving leadership skills does not mean
you must be at the top of each category. It means you should always be open for
improvement and learning new concepts. As I stated previously, the theory of a
one-step approach to learning is not acceptable because we all learn
differently. This applies to leadership, careers, and relationships. We are all
different, and sometimes it takes a different approach with each person. 


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