Teaching largest activity where he leads the dialogue

Teaching is a group of steps
that a teacher follows to achieve certain goals, there are such a multiple ways
known to teach, originally it is due to the ideas of educators across the
centuries of human nature, nature of knowledge itself and due to the findings
of the psychologists’ about What is learning, and that’s what makes us say that
there is an educational and psychological roots for teaching.

There is no theory of teaching
which is better than another, only the teacher chooses the way that is
consistent with the theme of his lesson, There are teaching theories based on the
student activity, and there are theories based on the teacher’s activity, sometimes
teaching requires a great deal of activity of the teacher and the student,
although the teacher accounts for the largest activity where he leads the
dialogue and discussion.

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of teaching theories:


BehaviorismNH1 :


Behaviorism assumes a
learner starts off as a clean slate and behavior is shaped through positive
reinforcement or negative reinforcement. The beginning of the behaviorism
theories may be traced back to the late 1800s and the early 1900s, where there was
a focus on the physical behavior that can be observed, controlled and measured,
the main objective was to derive elementary laws of learning and behavior that
may then be extended to explain more complex situations, In the first place, it
attaches importance to the influence of a behavior on the his development, to
be exact  the influence of acquired
knowledge, furthermore Behaviorism Theory illustrates the effect of self adjustment,
knowing that to some extent people have controls over their behaviors by
setting goals and plans. Most of the work on the development of this theory was
done by: Pavlov (1849-1936), Watson (1878-1958), Thorndike (1874-1949) and
Skinner (1904-1990) 1-3.




Cognitivism emphasizes that people are rational beings that
require active participation in order to learn, and actions are a consequence
of thinking, memory, self-reflection and motivation are attributes that make
learning effective, Chomsky and Jordan worked on developing this theory 4-6.




Constructivism relates to learning being an active
process. This principle is vital to the student taking control over the
learning process; adults adopt this process of constructivism as they become self-directed
learners, become aware of context and appreciate the active process through
experiential learning, its when the learner’s has the ability to construct new
meanings out of knowledge and information that he has, Most of the work on the
development of this theory was done by: Dewey (1859-1952), Piaget (1896-1980),
and Bruner. 7,8



Social constructivism in education is when learners are
encouraged to interact and participate in learning to construct, transfer and
share knowledge effectively, discussion helps to improve learners ability to
test their ideas, cooperative skills, enhance problem solving skills and establish
deeper understanding of the subject, Vygotsky and Bandura worked on developing
this theory  in its early ages. 10,11



A theory that emerged in the 1960s, concentrates on the
human freedom, dignity and potentials to learn, although behaviorism is a
result of reinforcements and consequences and Cognitivism is discovering and
constructing, yet humanisits believe that it is important to study a person as
a whole, including growth and development over lifespan. 12


 NH1The quality of the English in these
sections on theories (compared to the previous section) suggests that much of
it may not be your own words?  It is
really important not to directly copy text from anywhere. Plagiarism is a
very  serious offence. I’m not suggesting
this is plagiarism, I just want to make you aware of it.


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