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se Nepal because it is a remote location sandwiched between two powerful countries, India and China.  It has 9 of the world’s highest mountains and is very isolated with an exotic culture. At the time we chose Nepal it was the most appealing because we had just done a assignment on How Can Physical Processes Affect Settlement, and when we think of that, we think of avalanches.   We figured we would  expand our knowledge and learn more about a country that we know very little about.3. Absolute location : (longitude N) 26.00 (latitude E) 84.00    Relative location  : Nepal is underneath China and surrounded by India on its west most east most and southern most sides     Landforms : Flat river plains in the south , Rough and high hills and mountains in the North     Structures: Swayambhunath (Buddhist temple in Kathmandu, Nepal)              Hanuman Dhoka (Hindu temple in Kathmandu, Nepal)Changu Narayan (Hindu temple in Changunarayan, Nepal Kailashnath Mahadev Statue (Hindu temple in Suryabinayak, Nepal)     Population Size : 28.98 Million as of 2016     Population Density : 204 people per Km squared The Population Density in Nepal is Dense     Population Distribution Patterns : Most of the Population Distribution Patterns in Nepal are linear along the south because the north and central region of Nepal are elevated and have extreme seasons The mountain region of Nepal is home to two thirds of Nepal’s population4. The settlement patterns of Nepal are mainly influenced by natural factors. Nepali live near the mountains and the glaciers because of their economic benefits and cultural significance. The economy of Nepal is dominated by agriculture which is the livelihood for more than 90 percent of the population, although only approximately 28.8% percent of the total land area is arable land. The abundant natural resources bring people to settle near these opportunities of quartz, water, timber, hydropower, scenic beauty, small ore deposits of lignite, copper, cobalt and iron ore. The climate varies significantly depending where one lives in the country; from cool summers and severe winters in north to subtropical summers and mild winters in south.  These significant climate variations suggests that people settle closer to the agreeable weather as the majority of people prefer not to be exposed to the extreme winters, thus more likely to settle near the south of the country. The religious influence of the Pashupatinath Temple is a famous, sacred Hindu temple which is located in the capital of Nepal. This temple is considered one of the sacred temples of Hindu faith. This temple draws people to locate in Kathmandu to live near a sacred place. Also Nepal is covered approximately 75% by mountains and these are considered sacred and are seen as a blessing and a source of water, life, and healing thus drawing people to locate in the valleys and on the sides of the mountainNepal is among the poorest and least developed countries in the world as it is very isolated with rugged terrain making it difficult to travel and to develop reliable transportation routes. Approximately one-quarter of its population live below the poverty line. Nepal is heavily dependent on trade, which amounts to  30% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy, providing a livelihood for almost two-thirds of the population but accounting for only one-third of GDP. This affects the mobility of labour and people will remain in their settlements to continue working the rural farm.  Services which are mostly tied to tourism accounts for 19% of the economy, most of which is centred around the urban centres, such as Kathmandu.5. The community has affected the environment due to the result of extensive deforestation and climate change. The human-environment relationship is made worse by the annual monsoon season and glacier lake outburst floods (GLOF). The poor Nepalis are very dependent on the wood from their forests with approximately 66 percent of households using wood as the main fuel for cooking.These issues have not only created an ecological imbalance, but have also caused economic hardships for the people of Nepal. Deforestation of the woods removes the protection to the farming terraces. Without tree roots, the water from the monsoons cannot be absorbed, the land is not anchored and will cause landslides with the eroded soil ending up in river beds, reducing a river’s ability to hold water and making them more susceptible to flooding.The monsoon season is from June to September and destroys shelters, crops and causes health problems such as respiratory illnesses. Given the remoteness of the communities, roads are washed away making assistance difficult. This cycle is further enhanced with climate changes creating more frequent, intense, and  unpredictable weather patterns. Climate change has made glacial lakes more susceptible to GLOFs which obliterate villages and infrastructure downstream. Avalanches in the  mountains are triggered by earthquakes and have devastating effects on the people, the land and the communication and transportation systems. As a result of these natural disasters cause complete carnage.  6. Nepal has the highest mountains in the world that are located in the mountain range called the Himalayas which include peaks such as Mount Everest, K2, Kangchenjunga, and Mount Kailash. This affects the community by limiting the residential area because of the conditions on the mountains and surrounding, people still live near the mountains because of the cultural purpose and the “thrill”. The Nepal flag is the only national flag that is not quadrilateral in shape. In April 25, 2015 Nepal was struck by a 7.8 magnitude earthquake causing complete obliteration of communities, communication and access to the urban areas such as Kathmandu cut off.  Kathmandu was also affected with some of the city, including areas around the  Pashupatinath Temple being destroyed . The citizens were not prepared for what hit them and chaos followed.   The landslides after the earthquake created further problems. Since that earthquake policies have been put into place to allow the country to rebuild and prepare for future catastrophes. Currently there is a Swiss organization working prevent deforestation. They have supported the start of community forestry programs. They also work with Nepal’s government to encourage policy development. There are also policies aimed to improve the livelihood of the poor and reduce pollution, mitigating the health effects of consistently using wood as fuel for cooking. The Forest Act controls national forests and hands over forest management to local communities allowing the community to make decision that support the area. Until the lands have stabilized enough for farmers to plant crops, food security must be addressed through the provision of adequate food stocks to meet basic health and survival needs of the displaced. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization provides “super” grains to farmers, enabling farmers to become self-reliant post-earthquake by planting crops that will hopefully survive monsoon season. Another way to divert the effects of the monsoons is to provide piping to farmers so they can locally source water for irrigation and improve the likelihood of crop survival. Also shelter boxes have been created for Nepalese families. If their habitat becomes destroyed the shelter box contains essential supplies such as a tent that can withstand  winds up to 70 mph (113 km/h) and remain dry in 6 inches of standing water. Each ShelterBox also contains a water purification kit, blankets, tools, and other necessities to help a family survive after a disaster for an extended period.  At this rate nepal’s population may disappear.

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