Planes structure is the “static wick,” which is

Planes are usually made of metals like aluminum. Planes are like giant
conductors, since it is made out of metals which tend to be good conductors of
electricity. Lightning hits the plane at one extremity, usually the tip of a wing or on
the nose, and the current travels through the aircraft’s exterior and shoots off
another part like the tail. This allows the plane to take the lightning strike, without
affecting the interior of the plane. The plane’s metallic shell functions as a Faraday
cage, isolating the electrical charge on its surface and preventing it from entering
the interior of the aircraft (Rosen, 2017). Lightning never makes it to the inside,
where passengers, the crew and jet fuel are. It gets stopped by the plane’s surface.
Moreover, a key component of the airplane structure is the “static wick,”
which is a piece of metal (in a fiberglass rod) in the frame that insulates it from the
airplane. This piece of metal disperses the static buildup in the air, which minimizes
the intensity of a lightning strike and sends the lightning through the rod, instead
of spreading (Greenberg, 2014).Being safe inside a car during a lightning strike has nothing to do with its
rubber tires, and how it provide insulation against electricity. We should understand
that the fact that rubber is an insulator doesn’t mean that it can stand against one
of the most powerful forces in nature.
When a bolt hits a car with a metallic top, current flows around the outside
of the car and most of it runs into the ground beneath the car (earthing). In essence,
the car you are sitting inside is a Faraday cage of sorts (Ashish, 2015). Faraday
cages work on the principle that electric fields can’t exist within a conductor and so
any charge remains on the surface. In the case of a car, lightning strikes will be
conducted around the outside, leaving all the occupants safe from harm.
However, not all cars are created equal. In order for the Faraday effect to
work, it requires a nearly completely metal car. In vehicles that are manufactured
out of non-metal parts such as plastic, fiberglass or even carbon fiber, the
construction materials obstructs electricity’s ability to flow through the car, and the
occupants are more likely to be injured inside (“What to do if you think your car
was struck by Lightning,” 2015)


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