“Over or care about Marxist-Leninism or any other

“Over a period of two
months recently, an episodic film with a period of ten years of implementation,
has been released”. 1
” This series tells the story of the Vietnam War, which has brought chaos to
life, as well as how many lives had been taken away. The film is a huge photo
material about the anti-American resistance of the people of Vietnam.” 2
Most meaningful for young people, to have a feeling, multi-dimensional view,
also understand more about the complexity of a war, or more about the hidden
truths. As the adoption of a memoir mind those who directly experienced war
time such as “Views of Viet Cong Official” of Truong Nhu Tang, or a follow
essay of James Bond Stockdale on his views on the lesson he learned from the
VietNam war; “An American Prisoner of War.”

Nhu Tang (born May 19, 1923) is a Vietnamese lawyer, politician. He was a
founder of the National Liberation Front (NLF).” ” He was active in many
anti-South Vietnamese organizations before joining the newly created
Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam as the
Minister of Justice.”” After 1975, he was disappointed with the Communist
regime, crossing the sea to escape Vietnam on a boat in August 1978. He later
exiled in Paris, France” 3. He then wrote
autobiography “Views of Viet Cong Official.” Through the book, Truong Nhu Tang
wanted to show people a clear picture of the Viet Cong. Identity, purpose, as a
patriotic soldier, fighting for the country. Discrimination and treatment,
inequality between North and South, being exploited as well as discriminating
as bloodthirsty killers. Results and honor as well as ambiguity in leadership
leading to many sacrifices. In the end, it still has a bad reputation.

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On identity,
according to Truong Nhu Tang, Viet Cong are not strangers. The Viet Cong are
citizens, the veterans from the French colonial wars. They could be your
neighbor, or someone close to you. “During the day, they were loyal citizens of
South VietNam; at night they became Viet Cong.” 
(11) They are patriotic people, not a regime or care about
Marxist-Leninism or any other ideology as people misunderstand. Sometimes they
participate because it protects the family, whether it be considered as the
SaiGon dictatorship or even nonexistent. “For the most part, these guerrillas
cared nothing about Marxist-Leninism or any other ideology….. determined
fighters.”(12-15) The discrimination section, if in the South, they were
protected, provided information, food, and more. Even though, they still
practice seriously and seek sympathy from the people. “people in the
countryside and even in the cites provided food and intelligence information….
A hated dictatorship and foreign intervention.” (16-19) whereas in the North,
they were treated with hostility. “by North Vietnamese troops in Hue, where
many innocent people were murdered, and about a dozen American prisoners were
shot.” (25-29) sometimes this even happens to the leaders and officials among
them. When the war ended with peace agreements. They expected good things to
come to them. But what they received from patriotism were abuse, neglect,
contempt, and worse for those trapped; They were charged and sent to
re-education camps. “After the Paris peace agreement was signed in 1973, … the
Americans left me and other “independent socialists” with no counterweight to
the huge influx of Northern communists.” (46-52) “Hundreds of thousands of
former officials and army officers of the Saigon regime were imprisoned in
“re-education camps.”” (59) They were forced to leave their homes, seized
property and completely empty. That were what they got back to what they were
fighting for the country is not recognized and poorly treated as criminals.

Contrary to Truong
Nhu Tang is a Viet Cong soldier, “James Bond Stockdale had more         practical experience when he was in
prison for seven years.” ” James Bond Stockdale (December 23, 1923 – July 5,
2005) was a United States Navy vice admiral and aviator.” “He was the senior
naval officer held captive in Hanoi, North Vietnam. He had led aerial attacks
from the carrier USS Ticonderoga (CVA-14) during the 1964 Gulf of Tonkin
Incident.” ” On his next deployment, while Commander of Carrier Air Wing
Sixteen aboard the carrier USS Oriskany (CV-34), his A-4 Skyhawk jet was shot
down in North Vietnam on September 9, 1965.” “He
was arrested and detained. During his seven years in prison, he was awarded the
Medal of Honor in the Vietnam War.” 4
When he was released, he has written essays on some of his experiences in
Vietnam and gives his views on the lessons learned from the war as hell that he
has received. (Global). The experience James experienced from before entering
the prison until entering. Experiences of behavioral treatment among prisoners
of war. To witness the many collapses of teammates and intense will.

At the beginning of
the letter, after many battles and have received defeat. James made the
assumptions of the differences between South and North Vietnam which were
between one side of the military, the political side and the other side of
human resources interact to support each other. While the Western government
completely thought of taking full control of the South then everything not like
that. Thus leading to many central issues in the North, especially the way they
treat prisoners of war. It has made his opinion “either move quickly against
Hanoi with repeated high impact non-nuke hammer blows from the air or forget
it. Vietnam was no place for the Army.” (8-10) The nature of war is not a game,
but it is a lesson about nature, the human will. Sometimes the power belongs to
the winner. With the strategies to create pressure, and propagate the victory
by stigmatizing Americans on the street. And that was the first thing James had
experienced when he came to Hoa Lo Prison, which means “fiery furnace” located
in downtown Hanoi, a prison the French built in 1895. (25) James arrived here
on a rainy Sunday in September 1965 on a stretcher with a broken leg after receiving
“welcome” from the people on the street just like what the North
wanted. James also received a lot of “love, and welcome” in the first
three days of entering prison. However, the North Vietnamese officers presided
over the of James delay, as if he wanted James to be “cared” before
imprisonment. (27-34) Not only that, from the outside the rejection inside. ” I
asked him for medical attention for my broken bones and open wounds…. That was
the last time the subject of medical attention for me ever came up in my next
eight years as a prisoner of war….”(36-42) The next thing James wants to talk
about is what is considered “humane and lenient treatment” with
prisoners. Although there were laws on the treatment of prisoners of war, also
can not cover all the hidden darkness. By tactics and coercion to force the victim to “submit”
whatever they knew. “In my experience this is best done by heavily slapping the
prisoner, seating him on the brick floor, reeving his upper arms with ropes,….
The claustrophobia also concentrates the mind wonderfully.” (64-72) In 8 years,
the shame, the pain, the loss, etc. James has experienced a lot of bitterness
and witnessed the fall of many. In the end, there is nothing left but will,
when honor and dignity overcome fear and pain. “Americans in Hanoi learned
fast. They made no deals. They learned that “meeting them halfway” was the road
to degradation.” (86) ” It comes down to unselfish comradeship, and it comes
down to pride, dignity, an enduring sense of self-worth and to that enigmatic
mixture of conscience and egoism called personal honor.” (100-104).

In summarizes two
stories that took place during the American war in Vietnam. Although the two
stories have nothing related. One is about the Viet Cong soldier who is also
one of the senior leaders, fought for the country against the intervention of
America. One is an officer’s letter to the experience he suffered during the
war. But in both stories, there is one thing in common when talking about
injustice in North Vietnam. If as in the story of Truong Nhu Tang, Viet Cong
soldiers as patriots who fought to liberate the country has taken advantage of
fully. To get back the discrimination as well as the “humanitarian”
from the North when they were detained, rehabilitated as well as confiscated
property or be regarded as the saboteurs of the country. Then in the story of
James, actions and hide the dark side of the North has been expressed. With
evidence of inhumane treatment of humans as well as the methods of coercion
which even Truong Nhu Tang was almost to be experienced. “where many innocent
people were murdered, and about a dozen American prisoners were shot.” Although
there are dark sides in the war, but everything can’t be kept secret forever.
Actions on human treatment and humanity in the war are still opinions before
the individual.

1 http://www.processhistory.org/appy-vietnam-war-documentary/

2 https://translate.google.com/#vi/en/Lo%E1%BA%A1t%20b%C3%A0i%20n%C3%A0y%20k%E1%BB%83%20v%E1%BB%81%20cu%E1%BB%99c%20chi%E1%BA%BFn%20tranh%20Vi%E1%BB%87t%20Nam%2C%20%C4%91%C3%A3%20mang%20l%E1%BA%A1i%20s%E1%BB%B1%20h%E1%BB%97n%20lo%E1%BA%A1n%20cho%20cu%E1%BB%99c%20s%E1%BB%91ng%2C%20c%C5%A9ng%20nh%C6%B0%20bao%20nhi%C3%AAu%20sinh%20m%E1%BA%A1ng%20%C4%91%C3%A3%20b%E1%BB%8B%20l%E1%BA%A5y%20%C4%91i.

3 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tr%C6%B0%C6%A1ng_Nh%C6%B0_T%E1%BA%A3ng

4 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Stockdale


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