Islamic large parts of northwestern Iraq and Syria.

Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, which also
call ISIS, are Muslims who have got large parts of northwestern Iraq and Syria.
It is a terrorist group that wants to create a pure Islamic State. Their goal
is to get rid of disbelievers, and they often use violence. It was established
after the United States invasion of Iraq in 2003. Nowadays, ISIS causes a lot
of conflicts and casualties all over the world by terror attack. In order to
stop the spreading of terrorism, United States was finding solutions to defeat
them. However, to get rid of them, people have different opinions about it.
Should United States put boots on the ground to fight ISIS? Some people argue
that if the U.S. only uses air power, ISIS will conceal in the cities and the
U.S. might cause a lot of civilian casualties to kill the group and fighters. They
think it is the most effective way is to send troops to defeat ISIS. On the
other hand, some people have different opinions. They think it is not a
necessary way to put boots on the ground, because it will lead to serious
casualties, and might lead to further conflicts. Firstly, there are huge amount
of soldiers in the past examples where United States send troops to the foreign
country died in the conflict. Most importantly, even they defeat them
successfully, they might receive negative consequences.

First of all, if United States put boots on
the ground, it will give easy targets to terrorists. In 1955, the U.S. sent
troops to fight North Vietnam, however, they failed and cause high amount of
death.  The war made a big division in
politics in the country. The United States joined in the conflict with high
expectations, so people will be disappointed to the consequences. For some
Americans, they started to distrust the government officials and military. In
1975, the South Vietnam defenses were destroyed. Approximately 60 thousands of
Americans were died in this war. (1965: Boots on the Ground in Vietnam)

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In addition, they sent troops to join a
peacekeeping mission in Lebanon in 1983. During that time, suicide bomber attacked
the places they stayed at. Over 300 people were killed in this conflict, including
220 marines.  This became the worst death
toll in a day that the U.S. military had experienced before since the Tet
Offensive in Vietnam. This showed that if the U.S. sends small and weak contingents,
it might bring some troubles. (Killing ISIS: Five Reasons American ‘Boots on the
Ground’ Will Backfire)

The other example is the Operation Iraqi
Freedom. It began in 2003 and was ended in 2010. In total, there were 4,409
U.S. troops and 13 civilians were killed, and 31,925 troops were injured. Even
after combat operations ended, 66 U.S. troops were killed and 295 were wounded after
the Operation New Dawn which started from 2010 to 2011. Not only physical
damages, there were also huge amount of the psychological damages to the U.S.
soldiers. (Why U.S. Should Avoid Sending Its Ground Troops to Fight ISIS)

Additionally, the intervention in Afghanistan
was also a failure. The main group, Taliban, kept growing and increasing its
military operations. This caused thousands death, which was a huge amount. “10
years of experience in the Middle East to show that limited ground forces don’t
work, military action would set back rather than advance the political
reconciliation, and it would be a disincentive to provide actual tools to
promote long-term stability” (Chris Murphy). Sending troops to Iraq or Syria
might cause high amount of casualties, which Americans want to avoid.  The use of American troops would cause huge
amount of death, the soldiers who fight for country would die in other countries
that are far away. Therefore, this will be the last option. Due to the high
amount of casualties, United States should avoid and have other choice.  (‘From Vietnam to Afghanistan, US military
intervention has failed to deliver’)

Moreover, sending troops to defeat ISIS will
lead to larger conflict for a few reasons. If it leads to serious conflict,
there will have bad consequences. During the occupation in Iraq in 2003, the
United States removed people who had supported Saddam Hussein’s government
their jobs. In the result, that made the Sunnis think that they don’t have
place in the new Iraq. Since they kept away the Sunnis, it contributed to a
Sunni-led armed group which is like ISIS.  ISIS became a major group after United States
left Iraq. Obama argued that if the U.S. put boots on the ground to defeat
ISIS, some new extreme groups might appear after United States left. His
solution to this was built local government and militaries, so they can control
those terrorists. However, U.S. troops might stay there, which would begin the
colonialism. “Unless the Iraqi government has the capacity to take the
territory that’s been liberated and govern the territory in a way that’s
acceptable to people living there, it won’t last,” said Michael
Eisenstadt, who is the military and security studies program director.
“They can’t send 20, 30 thousand people in, wrap it up in just a few
months and live happily ever after, because the fundamental problems remain”
(Bessma Momani). When they sent troops to fight with ISIS, they will try to
destroy them. However, after destroying, the society might not be stable and
would become a mess. The central government will need to stabilize the society
and economy, and also get everything back to the right track. To be able to do
these, they need money. Moreover, Iraq might not be stable after ISIS is
defeated in cities for some reasons. One of the reasons is the Kurdish force.
Since the Kurdish force in the north was a powerful strength while they were
fighting with ISIS, they had higher status. The Iraqi government wanted take
back the disputed territories, but the Kurds say that they will not pull back
from disputed territories or give up Kurd-occupied communities to the central
government. Therefore, there might have civil conflicts between the Kurds and
central government, which cause political instability. This will happen if the
United States gets involved in it. After defeating ISIS, the United States will
need to face serious questions. Such as “Who will take the spaces from which
the ISIS is driven?” This leads to the conclusion, the defeat of the Islamic
State will not end the involvement in Middle East conflicts and may in fact
lead it to increase. Therefore, put boots on the ground to defeat ISIS is not
an effective way, because it will lead to more serious conflicts, and some
inevitable consequences.

In conclusion, United States should consider
other effective ways to get rid of the problems that ISIS caused. To put boots
on the ground is not the best way to solve the issues, because it will cause
high amount of death and lead to further conflicts. Therefore, they should
avoid these and stay away from bad consequences.


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