In p.1). The law had also provided citizenship

In the United States, immigration has been a big factor to this country since it became one whole. Immigration is foreigners coming to live in a country permanently other than its own. People argue that immigrants have equal rights as citizens or they shouldn’t have rights at all. But, in the Constitution of the United States there are different amendments and laws that protect undocumented citizen’s rights. In the country today, immigrants are trying to survive from the new aggressive government administration by using their rights against them. To begin, in March 26, 1790 the first Naturalization Law was passed. It stated that any white person above the age of 21 who lived in the United States for two years or plus could qualify for citizenship in common law court but this had limited naturalization to immigrants (Sarai Martinez- Suazo, 2015, p.1). The law had also provided citizenship to children under 21 to whose parents were aliens but covered with citizenship as well. Fast forward to 1906,  “An Act To Establish A Bureau Of Immigration And Naturalization, And To Provide For A Uniform Rule For The Naturalization Of Aliens Throughout The United States.” had passed by Congress (Sarai Martinez- Suazo, 2015, p.1). This made immigrants go through a procedure of requirements to qualify for citizenship, for example,  the knowledge of using basic english, understanding of U.S. history and being a person of good moral character. This process gave the undocumented citizens to take a chance to become naturalized. The Oath of Allegiance of the U.S. was another part of citizenship to show and say that they will obey and protect the constitution themselves without any person escaping the wrong. Those people who couldn’t meet the requirements because of medical disability can also be granted with citizenship only if the person is  provided with a medical waiver by their doctor. To qualify for citizenship is a long process with the many different Acts and laws regarding the constitution. During the early 1940s the Mexican and United States government agreed to pass the Bracero Act, mexican laborers allowed to work in the U.S. seasonal. This Act happened to grow and go downhill by the immigration rate increasing because of the seasonal jobs. According to Brent Funderburk (n.d.) “The problems with the administration of the Bracero Program almost immediately led to growing influx of undocumented workers in the United States and to widespread public outcry over the depressive effect on wages for the U.S. workers, supposedly created by the proliferation of illegal immigrants” (para. 3) this happened to anger Americans because of the jobs being taken and the Border Patrol unable to do anything about the situation, relating to the U.S. today. However, only a small portion of the illegal immigrants were issued valid worker certificates from 1947 to 1960. But in 1954, Operation Wetback, launched by The Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS),  had people seized by the government because of them focusing on stemming the flow of illegal and undocumented workers (Funderburk, para. 4). This had involved a raid to get rid of undocumented workers and non-citizens. Ultimately, Congress had failed to punish those who had hired illegal workers which had increased the Border Patrol to be more aggressive. This did not allow them to show proof of their citizenship so thousands had been deported or been in unusual punishment, breaking their fifth amendment. According to the Constitution of the U.S. in the fifth amendment it states how any person should not be punished for unusual acts and no person should be accused of crime. Intimidation from the law and government made many employers supporting the fact of returning their workers back to Mexico. Therefore, Operation Wetback was unconstitutional because of unfair and unusual punishments. The Constitution of the United States has a wide ranged amount of rights for undocumented citizens. In a case, Roxana Santos and Frederick County Sheriff’s Office did not have the right to arrest Santos in 2008. Santos was outside of her workplace when she was seized by Sheriff Chuck Jenkins because of he thought she was a suspected illegal immigrant (Pamela, 2013, para. 9). Her rights from the constitution was violated by Sheriff Jenkins by unreasonable search and seizure, going back to amendment 5 it says “nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation”, no person should be accused of a crime without law. In addition, amendment eight in the Constitution states “Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted,” how no person should be able to get punished in a cruel manner for unreasonable standards. In the case, the court had found that even though her constitutional rights were violated by Frederick County it is possible that she can still get deported out of the country. On the contrary, Ilya states “By far, the biggest exception to the courts’ generally favorable attitude toward extending constitutional rights to noncitizens is the so-called ‘plenary power’ doctrine, which gives the federal government broad power to adopt otherwise unconstitutional,” (para. 16). The “Plenary Power” gives some relief to immigrants because of the fact that the federal government is able to adopt unconstitutional policies into their system but still regarding the constitution. Plenary power tends to bend the rules from the branches of government.   The country today, has a specific amount of immigrants worldwide that they allow to enter and live in the U.S. The Immigration and Naturalization Act provides a limit of 670,000 permanent immigrants with certain exceptions, for example close family members in the country according to the American Immigration Council ACL (2016). “Immigration to the United States is based upon the following principles: the reunification of families, admitting immigrants with skills that are valuable to the U.S. economy, protecting refugees, and promoting diversity,” (ACL, 2016). This indicates whether they are able to stay permanently in the country or not. However, if any person has a green card it is an admission to settle inside the country. On the other hand, refugees are another big factor. “Refugees are admitted to the United States based upon an inability to return to their home countries because of a ‘well-founded fear of persecution’ due to their race, membership in a particular social group, political opinion, religion, or national origin. Refugees apple admission from outside of the United States, generally from a “transition country” that is outside their home country. The admission of refugees turns on numerous factors, such as the degree of risk they face, membership in a group that is of special concern to the United States  and whether or not they have family members in the United States,”  (ACL, 2016, para. 15). This illustrates, that refugees come to the United States because of them being feared and threatened from their own country so they decide to do what is best, but that is also what brings tension into the country itself. In conclusion, Immigration is a factor to what keeps this country running. The Constitution is what protects any person from letting their rights being violated by anyone. Immigration is a non-stopped talked about subject


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