In centuries. It is logical that self-confidence is

In ‘A Room of One’s Own’, Woolf explicates the patriarchal
system which evokes male dominance over women making them inferior in every
aspect. She writes about some real-life encounters of gender discrimination she
faced while exploring her thesis that for a woman to write fiction, she must
have intellectual as well financial freedom. She makes use of logos, ethos, and
pathos to make her argument more appealing to the readers.


According to Aristotle, ethos is the most compelling factor
out of three mentioned above because it appeals to one’s ethics, morals, and
values. Therefore it is important for a writer to establish credibility early
in the text. She knows that with her chosen approach, she might never reach any
conclusion and she could only justify her opinion instead of telling the truth
due to the sensitivity of the subject. Moreover, she does not claim to write the
truth instead, she says “Lies will flow from my lips” but with some truth
muddled with lies. Thus, it is the responsibility of the reader to judge the
veracity of her argument. Sarcastically, she mocks the patriarch presuming
earth to be marsh or jungle if so big a power as the man hadn’t ruled on earth
for centuries.

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It is logical that self-confidence is achieved by
considering others inferior to us and over the years, women have served as
models of inferiority which strengthened the superiority of men. If their
supremacy is questioned by women, they become haughty and disdainful. Women
were forced. The theme of rejecting feminism was prevalent under Mussolini and
Napoleon’s in which “women were rendered into means of achieving and
maintaining male supremacy” says Sandro Bellassai. This shows how females are
under constant attack from men that it is even difficult for them to say “this
book is bad”, deprived of freedom of speech.


By using highly visual imagery, she makes readers follow each
and every thought that emerges in her mind. The burnt bushes she sees while sitting
on the riverbank symbolizes a woman’s condition in male-dominated society, her dreams,
and aspirations crushed down due to restrictions imposed on them. The personified
‘weeping willow’ refers to the silent cries of women suffering mental strain as
they experience inequality on daily basis.


She got so excited while fishing about the idea that she stood
up and started walking on grass. This excitement was put to an end by the beadle
who sends her back to the gravel path because the turf was only for “Fellows and
Scholars”. Another example is when she went to see the manuscript in the library
at Oxbridge, the sentinel stopped her from entering since she was not accompanied
by “Fellow of the College”. She forms a deep connection with the readers that one
cannot help but feel sympathy for her.


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