I of the 17 warmest years on record

I chose this topic because I want to look into climate change and how much it damaged humans well being. As some of you may know already, one big issue recently has started becoming a really serious issue and it is global warming. It should be troubling you that the temperature is rapidly rising, glaciers are constantly melting whilst you are reading this, and the Arctic sea ice is disappearing so quickly that the walruses living on ice now are forced to live on dry land. If this news doesn’t shock you enough, then you must realise that several islands have been submerged under the sea level because the ice is melting into the water, therefore causing the sea level to rise alot. The only reason these horrible things are happening is because of us humans, creating and doing things that harm the environment examples such as polluting the natural air and causing the earth’s temperature to rise high enough to start melting the ice. The only way to stop this is to spread the word of this big issue known as climate change so that the world will be aware of future scenarios and therefore change their ways to preserve what is left of the world. Over the last 100 years, global temperatures have warmed by about 0.74 degrees Celsius on average. The change may seem minor, but it’s happening very quickly. Though it can still be difficult to tease out how much climate change plays in any given weather event, changes are occurring. Most of the warming occurred in the past 35 years, with 16 of the 17 warmest years on record occurring since 2001. Not only was 2016 the warmest year ever on record, but eight of the 12 months that made up that year, from January through September (except june) were the hottest ever on record for those 8 months. Unpredictable weather patterns are extremely dangerous and can get alot of people injured, or worse, killed. Proof for this is in the news, there are constant natural disasters such as typhoons or earthquakes that have injured many people and destroyed many cities leaving them in mayhem. As the Arctic ice melts and opens up, it has revealed the resources hidden inside the ice. According to the U.S. Geological Survey, 30 percent of the world’s undiscovered natural gas and 13 percent of its undiscovered oil was hidden below the ice for many many years. As a result, the military in the Arctic is starting to get active, with the United States, Russia, Denmark, Finland, Norway, Iceland, Sweden and Canada holding talks about regional security and border issues. Several nations, are also sending troops into the north pole, preparing for increased border patrol and to respond to any disasters. The oceans have absorbed much of this increased heat, with the top 700 meters (about 2,300 feet) of water showing warming of 0.302 degrees Fahrenheit since 1969.When people burn fossil fuels, such as coal, oil and natural gas, to generate energy. It has the greatest impact on the atmosphere than any other single human activity. Globally, power generation is responsible for about 23 billion tonnes of CO2 emissions per year – in excess of 700 tonnes every second. Coal is especially damaging to our atmosphere, releasing 70% more carbon dioxide than natural gas for every unit of energy produced.I believe that people should do more to preserve and save the environment because this is the place where our future generations are going to live in. If we don’t preserve the world’s ecosystem we are going to be leaving our future generations into a disastrous world.Personally I would try to do everything in my power to spread awareness towards the younger generation because they are being badly influenced by the older generations. And recycling my rubbish after using it will also help out the world because this will do something to save up the world’s limited resources.If nothing changes, the weather forecast won’t be able to predict the weather so it will be extremely hard for people to plan events in the future. Also, it’s gonna be very dangerous because you never know when there will be a natural disaster in the future.Miami:Recently, people in Miami have noticed something unbelievable that has happened. People have seen warmer waters in the summer, subtle changes in the trade winds, more frequent algae blooms and most significantly, warmer and longer summers, therefore shortening winters. This has been a result of climate change. Moreover, the melting ice has caused sea levels to rise therefore covering up some of Miami’s lands. People in Miami are constantly trying to stop or at least slow down this problem, because the tides are getting higher and higher coming to the point that the water is going to cover up some places where people live. Pacific Islands:Climate Change has caused much concern across the Pacific Ocean. For many Pacific Island states, the current forecasts for rising sea levels due to climate change will severely impact their territory. For island states such a Tuvalu, Kiribati, and the Marshall Islands, rising sea levels are a genuine and immediate existential threat. These island states exist on territory that rises only a few meters above sea level, at best. This means that any rise in the sea level, no matter how much, eats into their limited and precious land. Other Pacific Island states will also be greatly affected. Five low-lying islands within the Solomon Island group have already been submerged! Changes in both geographic features and water temperatures also have the potential to change the fishing stocks that Pacific Islands states rely on for food security.I think that it’s good that people are looking ahead into the future about what is going to happen to their islands and that at least some parts of their community are trying their best to take action and preserve their home for future generations.Miami:Recently, people in Miami have noticed something unbelievable that has happened. People have seen warmer waters in the summer, subtle changes in the trade winds, more frequent algae blooms and most significantly, warmer and longer summers, therefore shortening winters. This has been a result of climate change. Moreover, the melting ice has caused sea levels to rise therefore covering up some of Miami’s lands. People in Miami are constantly trying to stop or at least slow down this problem, because the tides are getting higher and higher coming to the point that the water is going to cover up some places where people live. Pacific Islands:Climate Change has caused many problems across the Pacific Ocean. For many Pacific Island states, the current predictions for rising sea levels due to climate change will largely impact their land and territory. For island states such a Kiribati and the Marshall Islands, rising sea levels are immediate existential threat. These island states are on territory that rises only a few meters above the sea level at best. This means that any rise at all in the sea water level will eats dangerously into their limited and precious land. Other Pacific Island states will also be greatly affected. Five low-lying islands within the Solomon Island group have already been submerged! Changes in both geographic features and water temperatures also have the potential to change the fishing stocks that Pacific Islands states rely on for food security.I think that it’s good that people are looking ahead into the future about what is going to happen to their islands and that at least some parts of their community are trying their best to take action and preserve their home for future generations.If nothing changes…Miami:It has been shown on google maps, that by 2100 the sea-level will rise from 10 to 12 feet, which would cause the Atlantic Ocean to wash over Miami and the Miami River to overflow. Therefore everything will be covered, leaving only the tops of skyscrapers to be seen showing above water.Pacific Islands:The current predicted sea level rise is around 2 meters by the time of year 2100. And that would mean that for these three states they will almost be total submerged.This issue is relevant to me because the weather is becoming very unpredictable due to the effects of ecosystem loss and is making it extremely hard for me to plan ahead for future outdoor activities. As you all know, global warming is here therefore creating drier climates. This increases the destruction caused by wildfire season. I live in the hills, next to alot of trees and nature. A wildfire would be lethal to me and my families health and safety. Lightning now occurs more frequently, and an increase in dead plants and trees means more to burn.To conclude everything, climate change is a huge problem and is affecting us human beings more and more as every day passes. I also concluded climate change can impact people who live in areas that are vulnerable to coastal storms, drought, and sea level rise. Also people who live in poverty, old people, and immigrant communities can be impacted hugely. Similarly, some types of jobs and industries may also face big problems from climate change. Professions that are closely linked to weather and climate, examples such as outdoor tourism, commerce, and agriculture will be greatly affected.