“I certainly am. I do my best to love everybody… I’m hard put, sometimes—baby, it’s never an insult to be called what somebody thinks is a bad name. It just shows you how poor that person is, it doesn’t hurt you.”(124) In the novel “To Kill a Mockingbird” written by Harper Lee, Atticus Finch is a lawyer and the father of two children named Scout and Jem. Atticus lives in Maycomb, a small town in Alabama, he is a father of two children named Jem and Scout and is also a lawyer. Atticus is called to defend Tom Robinson, a black man accused of raping a white woman. Throughout the novel, Atticus shows that he is a wise, courageous, and thoughtful man.To begin with, Atticus shows throughout the book that he is a wise man by teaching Jem and Scout about the harsh reality of the real world. First, Scout has came home from school telling Atticus that she doesn’t want to go back because Miss Caroline says that Scout shouldn’t know how to read. “If you can learn a simple trick, Scout, you’ll get along a long better with all kinds of folks. You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view– until you climb into his skin and walk around in it.”(33) Atticus gives Scout this advice because she made a mistake of judging Miss Fisher. Atticus says this because instead of automatically saying something about a person, you should put yourself in their shoes and see it from their point of view. Second, Scout is talking about Atticus, and how old he is and that he isn’t like most of the dad’s in Maycomb. When Atticus gave them the air-rifles Atticus wouldn’t teach them to shoot because he wasn’t interested in guns.”I’d rather you shot at tin cans in the backyard, but I know you’ll go after birds. Shoot all the bluejays you want, if you can hit ’em, but remember it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird.”(103) Mockingbirds don’t do one thing but make music for us to enjoy, they don’t do anything bad or harm anyone. Mockingbirds are innocent creatures, so killing one would be innocence destroyed by evil.In addition to being wise, Atticus is also courageous by protecting people he cares about. For example, there is a mad dog name Tim Johnson on the lose, and he is being hostile. The kids are worried and so is Calpurnia , Heck Tate comes and gives the gun to Atticus.”The rifle cracked. Tim Johnson leaped, flopped over and crumpled on the sidewalk in a brown-and-white heap. He didn’t know what hit him.” (110) Tim Johnson was scaring the kids and Calpurnia. Atticus being courageous takes the rifle and shoots the mad dog and also proves to Scout and Jem that he is not so old. Then, Atticus has just left the house late at night with the car, which is a rare occurrence. The kids decide to follow him and they end up finding him at the Maycomb Jail. “A long extension cord ran between the bars of a second floor window and down the side of the building. In the light from its bare bulb, Atticus was sitting propped against the front door. He was sitting in one of his office chairs, and he was reading, oblivious of the nightbugs dancing over his head.” (172)Atticus goes out to the Jailhouse to protect Tom Robinson. Tom is at risk of getting killed because he is a black man accused of raping a white woman. Atticus sits in front of the courthouse without any weapons, simply a newspaper and a light. Finally, Atticus not only thinks for his family but he also thinks about the people around him. When suddenly, Jem ruins Mrs.Dubose’s flowers after she calls Atticus names, Atticus and Scout have a talk about the upcoming trial Atticus is called for.”This case, Tom Robinson’s case, is something that goes to the essence of a man’s conscience–Scout, I couldn’t go to church and worship God if I didn’t try to help that man.” (120)Atticus is called to defend Tom Robinson, a black man accused of raping a white woman. Atticus knows that the rest of Maycomb despises him taking the case, but he does it and tries his hardest to defend Tom Robinson. Then, Mr. Bob Ewell stopped Atticus on the post office corner, spat in his face and told him he’d get him if it took the rest of his life. Jem is worried for Atticus so they start talking about it. “Jem, see if you can stand in Bob Ewell’s shoes a minute. I destroyed his last shred of credibility at that trial, if he had any to begin with. The man had to have some kind of comeback, his kind always does. So if spitting in my face and threatening me saved Mayella Ewell one extra beating, that’s something I’ll gladly take. He had to take it out on somebody and I’d rather it be me than that houseful of children out there. You understand?” (250) Atticus says that he’d rather have himself hurt/threatened instead of the children, because he doesn’t want the kids to be hurt.In conclusion, Atticus is a wise, courageous, and thoughtful man. No matter what happens in the story, he responded well to every situation. Although there is a lot of racism, poverty, and prejudice in Maycomb. Atticus sees through everything and saw good in people. “To Kill a Mockingbird” has many important lessons in the book, one being that whether people are essentially good or essentially evil. The novel shows us this by showing Scout and Jem’s transition from childhood into the real world, they think that people are good because they have never seen evil until they start growing older and have seen evil, they must include this in understanding of the world.