A healthy diet also includes avoiding the intake of certain foods and drinks which are harmful to the unborn baby. For instance, alcohol and caffeine. An expectant mother should take limited amounts of caffeine which is found in foods like tea, coffee, chocolate as well as some soft and ‘energy’ drinks. Increased amounts of caffeine can result in infants having a low birth weight which can raise the danger of developing health problems later on in life.
Other types of foods which should be avoided include: cheese such as Brie, chevre, camembert because they can have a bacteria named listeria which can harm the unborn baby, partially cooked eggs to evade the risk of salmonella which causes a kind of food poisoning. , raw or meat which is not well-cooked to avoid risk of food poisoning or bacteria infection. Some kinds of fish like shark, swordfish should also be given that large amounts may contain mercury which can lead to miscarriage during the early months of pregnancy not to forget liver foodstuffs and supplements with vitamin A since too much of it can build-up and hurt the fetus.
(Edelman & Mandle 43) Exercise during pregnancy is good for the expectant mother and the baby. Research shows that expectant women who exercise tends to have ‘improved self-esteem as well as a lesser risk of becoming depressed’ . Some of the advantages of exercise comprise: less pregnancy complaints i. e. constipation and backache, less likely to add excess weight during pregnancy, easier labor, quicker recovery after delivery, reduced risk of developing gestational diabetes not to forget that the newborn will tend to be calmer and learner.
(McArdle, Et al 490) Staying healthy also entails shunning away from spending a lot of hours exercising especially during the first 18 weeks of pregnancy given that excessive exercise could lead to miscarriages and other complications like bleeding which is a sign of miscarriage. An expectant mother who is suffering from chronic headaches, dizziness, fainting, loss of breath among other complications should stay away from excessive exercise to avoid worsening the situation.
An expectant woman should engage in light exercise like swimming, jogging, walking, cycling, dancing and should avoid lifting heavy objects especially above the shoulder since this can lead to severe backaches which may even lead to premature birth. (Pillitteri 311) However, not all expectant women should engage in exercise. Those with the following problems might not be capable to exercise: lung disease, obesity, heart disease, severe diabetes seizure disorder, problems with past pregnancies, early labor, high blood pressure related to pregnancy as well as persistent bleeding during the second and third trimester.
(Pillitteri 295) In conclusion, being healthy during pregnancy is important for the overall health of both the mother and the newborn given that it helps prevent certain complications and diseases which can develop during and after pregnancy which are harmful to both the mother and the fetus. Pregnant mothers should therefore strive to be healthy given the many benefits it will have to both the mother and the baby during pregnancy and after birth. Being healthy is therefore the key to a healthy baby and a healthy mother and as a result, it should be each and every expectant woman’s goal.
(McArdle, Et al 506) WORKS CITED Edelman, Carole & Mandle, Carol L. Health promotion throughout the lifespan, Elsevier Health Sciences, 2005. ISBN: 0323031285, 9780323031288. McArdle, William Et al. Exercise physiology: energy, nutrition, and human performance, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2006. ISBN 0781749905, 9780781749909. Pillitteri, Adele. Maternal & child health nursing: care of the childbearing & Childrearing family, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2006. ISBN 0781777763, 9780781777766.