Have because of their common apppearence and behaviour.

  Have you ever identify something unknown to
you with it’s form and liken to another that is 
familiar with? For example when you first saw a dog you look at the form
of it and memorise, then when you saw another one from another breed even if it
does not exactly look like the first dog you’ve seen ,you still call it a dog
because of their common apppearence and behaviour. They are not uniform but you accept them to be uniform just to obtain
knowledge easily and without detail. This way you know the name and
characteristics of the creature with their name ”dog”.This is how assumptions
of the existence of uniformities creates knowledge.

  So, how can we identify ”assumption” and ”existence
of uniformities” in that manner? Assumption is an automatic system that
creates an illusion to suppose ,that affects cognitive ability. Existence of
uniformities is a way to knowledge and it is the reflective system that arises
from the presence of regularity. The pharase ”Without the assumption of the existence of uniformities there
can be no knowledge.” states that knowledge is obtained through the espousal
of homogeneity.This raises some questions that needs to be answered. In what
ways can assumptions be a valid source of knowledge? How does an uniformity
exist? Does it needs to be inflexible for all? ?nquisitons lead to knowledge
questions. For this claim ”What role does assumption of the existence of
uniformites play on obtaining knowledge?”is what really needs to be questioned
and it is the aim of the discussion.

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   I
believe that assumption of the existence of uniformities are absolutely
necessary for obtaininig knowledge, for the esposal of a regularity is the base
of induction and induction is what creates general perseivence of the
knowledge. Shared knowledge cannot be created without assuming the existence of
uniformities, because then every claim produced will have a one-time use and
that does not fit  the definition ”Knowledge
is justified true belief.” for it apply to a greater timeline. The claim can
be identified with the arts and mathematics the most. These areas of knowledge
are founded on a set of more or less universally accepted definitions and basic
assumptions. Art use emotion as a currency to generate significance at a
personal level but reason provides a restrictive framework necessary for the
creation of meaning; artworks have their own inner logic. Like art, math is
also despite,or rather because of ,the strict confines of mathematical logic, is
an enormously creative subject, asking of it’s practitoners great leaps of the
imaginaton.There are close links between mathematics and the arts where formal
requirements for harmony or symmetry impose mathematical structures on a work.

  So, how does art use
uniformities to obtain knowledge? It is through an array of mutual assumptions
that uniformities which exist in the
arts, function. Honore de
Balzac’s ” If we could but paint with the hand what we see with the eye.”words
clearly sets the relation between sense perception and the arts. In this
manner,it can be said that sense perception is an essential part of the arts.
Moviemakers use facial expressions that corresponds to different emotions that
are uniform for humanity to convey the emotion in an artwork. This way the
audience know how the mood of the movie changed which simply means the artist
managed to endorse the feelings of the characters and emphasised the meaning of
the artwork. For example in the movie
”Leon”, the protagonist is introduced as fragile, doubtful, exhausted, and fearful
upon her arrival at Leon’s apartment where the story takes place. Later on, we
see the blossoming of her character. This is an important aspect of the movie and
the emotions are introduced by assuming that the projection of them are uniform
for all humans. Actress’s eyes get watery and her lip points downwards when she
gets sad. This way audience know she is sad through their use of sense
perception.

   Symbolist art uses uniformities fairly also. Visiuals
has great importance as  premises of  common sense realism. Induction is an active
ingredient used in symbolist art. Minimalist artists eliminate details to form
a simpler version of a complex thing. They assume that these simpler lines that
represent an object can be understood by the simplest outlines. This is a
generalization that the objects are perceived and recognized by their
significant characteristics and these characteristics are uniform to everybody.
When the admirer see the outline he completes the image by using imagination
and reason to liken to something that exists in real life and this way he knows
what this object is and the process is assumed to be uniform to all humans. This is the only way that the artwork can be understood
and known what it represents. Graphic designer Outmane Amahou created the
series”Art Periods”which represents every area of art with a simple outline
that represents the most known artist of the era. For example
”post-impressionism”  art period is
represented with just an ear as an allegory for Van Gogh.

 
To what
extend does mathematics use uniformities to obtain knowledge? Arthur Eddington states that the mathematics is not there till we put it there.So, it can
be said that rationalization of every day calculations creates mathematics. Seminal
developements such as negative or irrational numbers have lead to big changes
in the way we view the world. In mathematics, the uniform limit theorem states that the uniform limit of any sequence of continuous functions is continuous. More precisely, let X be a topological space, let Y be
a metric space, and let ƒn : X ? Y be a sequence of
functions converging uniformly to a function ƒ : X ? Y. According to the uniform limit theorem, if each of the
functions ƒn is continuous, then the limit ƒ must
be continuous as well. If all the continuous functions are not assumed to be
uniform, then these proof theorems would not be known. This is the work of
reason that makes a human know the relation between them and the only
possibility to acquire this knowledge is through the assumptions that all
functions behave the same.

  Reason is used in the finding of the mathematical
induction also. Mathematical induction is a mathematical proof technique used to prove a given statement about any well-ordered set. Most commonly, it is used to establish statements for
the set of all natural numbers.Reflective system that arises from the
presence of regularity is assumed to be the theory that all correct data sets
will suit this justification.This shows that they will all be uniform to be a
part of this equation.We know this data set is correct if we use reasoning to
use mathematical induction theory to test if the set obtained is correct in all
provisions.

  Hovewer, another aspect to consider to know
if the knowledge is obtained through the assumption of the existence of
uniformities is if experiential knowledge containes uniformities or not. Experiential knowledge is a knowledge of particular
things gained by perception. Since sense perception is a WOK that works
seperately for all, it can not be very possible that all the knowledge gained
through it is uniform. However assuming like it is not is something totally
wrong to do. In fact, everyone can experince similar things. A loving touch, gives
the knowledge that the one giving the affection gives peace and
is something to be okay with.And a violent touch is something to be refrained
from and is known to be something to resist to.These types of knowledges are
also gained from the assumption of the existence of the uniformities.That’s the
response to the counter claim.

  Therefore,conclusion
reached by me through a sustained consideration of knowledge questions is that
it can be believed that automatic
system that creates an illusion to suppose ,that affects cognitive ability
providing for the reflective system that arises from the presence of regularity
is the only way, necessary to obtaining knowledge and it is pretty apparent in
the concepts of everyday life as it is just justified in maths and the arts.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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