Genetic engineering is very contradictory issue. The ethical side of genetic engineering is still the object of indignation for some confession of faiths, for example. The objective of this essay, however, is to discuss the economic aspect of genetically modifying food production and to support the following thesis: the production of GM food will not solve the world hunger problem. GE and world hunger The advocates of genetic engineering usually use the following argument: GE can produce new, valuable crops that will solve the world hunger problem.
Really, the growth of global population within the latest 40 years caused the world hunger and the trend is expanding. Biologically the shortage of food always draws the population decrease or the shift to the new food sources. However analyzing the human population the economical factors should also be taken in attention. At least one billion people earn less than $1. 00 a day. Thus the main reason of global hunger isn’t a real food shortage but the poverty.
The advocates of GE claim that GM food is cheaper than organic. However, the analysis of food prices growth within the last two decades proves, first, the food isn’t cheap enough for the lowest-income part of population still, and second, the price growth on organic food was more significant that price decrease in GM food. The usage of agricultural land in the world, especially in the poor countries, is another argument against the GM food as the world hunger solution.
The significant part of land is used for non-food product, like cotton and sisal, or marginally nutritious products, like coffee, cocoa, tobacco and tea. The shift in agricultural land distribution could impact the world hunger more than GM products. Conclusive thought The genetically modifying food isn’t the solution of world hunger because its root are in the global economics more than in the real food shortage. References Thomas A. Easton (2004) Taking Sides: Clashing Views on Controversial Environmental Issues, Expanded.
McGraw-Hill/Dushkin; 11 edition. ISBN 0073514411. William Cunningham. (2008) Principles of Environmental science: Inquiry and applications, McGraw Hill Higher Education, fifth edition. Altieri, Miguel A. and Peter Rosset. 2000. “Ten Reasons Why Biotechnology Will Not Ensure Food Security, Protect the Environment and Reduce Poverty in the Developing World. ” AgBioForum 2:3/4. Accessed at http://www. agbioforum. missouri. edu/vol2no34/altieri. htm.