Frida of Frida’s paintings, especially in her self-portraits,

Frida Kahlo, she never intended to become a painter. Kahlo was aspired to become a doctor as a young woman, but after a horrible accident at the age of 18, it left her mentally, as well as physically scared for life. This event had totally changed her life forever. The theme in almost all of Frida’s painting was her own life. Her paintings were based on events took place during her lifetime. As we can see in many of Frida’s paintings, especially in her self-portraits, it expresses her own personal emotions along with feelings about an event that happened in her life, such as her physical condition, her lack of ability to conceive children of her own, her ideology of life and nature, and most important of all, it was her unstable relationship with her husband Diego. Somewhere in between the movement of surrealism, realism and symbolism, Frida Kahlo was able to bring out tenderness, femininity, reality, cruelty and suffering within her paintings.In Frida Kahlo’s ‘Self Portrait with Stalin’ originally called ‘Autorretrato con Stalin’, which was painted in 1954. The painting shows Kahlo ardent a majority of her configuration to Stalin, showing her allegiance to the communist party and his leadership. Kahlo was a life long and passionate member of the communist party. Even though she was married to the very jealous and possessive Diego Rivera, she had an affair with another Russian leader of the communist revolution, Trotsky. Stalin was not fond of Trotsky, and eventually had him killed with an axe through the head. Her style for this painting look abnormally different from the expression she usually paints in her other self-portraits. It seems as she was trying to paint the expressionless on her face rather than the emphasis on her overly done appearance. Perhaps this time around, she has devoted to carrying out Stalin’s expression as the main focus of the painting rather than her own. He has a definitive look, with his face at certain angle as if almost she painted in a way that Stalin was staring right back at the viewer.During her last years, Kahlo started to move away from her unique style of over exaggerating facial hair; but instead Kahlo paints herself to be sitting adequately in a relaxed position. She created such astonishing self-portraits that are filled with symbols, meanings, interpretations and references, at the same time deeply personal and outspokenly political. The painting itself seems to be very peaceful, drawing from the fact that her physical condition at the time did not indicate that. Despite the political nature in the painting, she was still able to maintain a Mexican influenced color palette such as using colors ranging from brown, to rust, to orange and to other earthy dark hues to project her message toward the viewers. With Kahlo, there was no critical critique of Stalin. Kahlo remained as a true believer in that ideology her whole life.The nature of this painting can be compared to an earlier piece of hers ‘Self-Portrait with the Portrait of Doctor Farill’. She portrays him as the “Saviour” and crediting him with the series of seven operations on her spine, which eventually saved her life. Similarly, Stalin assumes the role of the “Saint”. This almost makes her adherence religious in nature. Through this last work, she was able to show her dedication as an artist to her craft and even through her suffering, she did not let that stop her from continuing to paint subjects that are important to her. Kahlo’s ‘Self Portrait with Stalin’ was the last painting she made before she passed away that same year.Andy Warhol was considered to be The Pop Master back in his days. He was well known as a painter, printmaker, illustrator, filmmaker and sculptor during the Pop Art movement; also for the contentious lover of the popular, a mad fan of fame, glamor, and celebrities. Andy Warhol’s Mao Tse Tung (1973) was a silk-screen portrait of the Chinese leader; it was one of the series of silk-screens that he made on the subject of fame. There were many versions of the Mao’s painting that he did, as if the paintings were identical and looked mass produced. Resemble to the canned soup itself, which was mass-produced on an assembly line.Mao, named after the infamous Chinese ruler, Mao Zedong (1893 – 1976), was a highly characterized figure of a man who detests individualism. Among his most abiding legacies is his persistent drive to an end to any signs of objection against him. Warhol individualizes Mao as a way to mock him, stressing and demanding that each and every one of us was an individual, whether if we were politically involve or not. Warhol’s longtime supporter in Zurich, Bruno Bischofberger, inspired the artwork; he suggested Warhol to paint important figures in the 20th century. As a person that who adores celebrities, Warhol stated that he stumble across the Life magazine and Mao Zedong was happened to be a wide known figure in the world at that time. Warhol clearly drawn to this subject because of the media’s attention to the opening of diplomatic relations with the People’s Republic of China in the early 1970s. His negative attitude toward China’s totalitarian propaganda is obvious shown on the surface of the painting. In Andy Warhol’s Mao’s series, in which another bloodthirsty tyrant is diminished to kitsch by being treated like a cartoonish movie star such as Marilyn Monroe or Elizabeth Taylor, even better yet turned into an absurdist wall decoration. Warhol uses flamboyant colors for his silk-screen of Mao. He intensified Mao’s lips with such vibrant red, and enhanced his eyes by giving him blue eye shadow. Along with these changes, Warhol also emphasized the mole on Mao’s chin, gave him a beauty mark, which was considered to be a French courtesan. As the result, Warhol leaves the work open to interpretation. He presents Mao in an objective way, forcing the viewer to question the artist’s intentions. Just like the painting above, both showed the political side of that was going on during that time. As we can see in Frida Kahlo’s ‘Self Portrait with Stalin’, it shows her praising the great leader Stalin, while in Andy Warhol’s ‘Mao’, he seems to be poking fun at the great leader. Warhol produced a series of Mao portraits that today has become an icon that could be found in many of the most prestigious art institutions and private collections across the globe.Racism has been a notable part of the American society for centuries. While the colonists raise their voices for freedom, meanwhile, they are in feared of losing their slaves. With this mindset, an individual considered one life to be worth more than another due to their skin colors, this contributed greatly to the racial segregation and tension in America. Up to now, in the 21st century, racism is still prominently part of the United States, as people are protesting all over the nation over white police officers brutally toward black citizens. This racist outlook in assuming that the human species can be hierarchically divided into races, is often bred of ignorance, fear, and prejudice. Even with all of the ethical, societal, and technological advancement our country has recognized, racism continues to be, and remains to be a problem in our nation today.As seen in The Century of the Self, it reveals the untold and occasionally controversial story of the rise of the mass-consumer culture in the United States. To many people, whether they are in politics or business, or both, democracy was the ultimate expression of the celebration of the self, where power has finally moved to the people. By introducing a mode to examine the senseless mind, Freud was able to provide useful tools for grasping the secret desires of the masses. Edward Bernays, Freud’s nephew, most infamous action was breaking the banned on women smoking by assuring them that it is normal to smoke, and by smoking cigarettes they are now independent and freed. But at the same time, though it was not a new way of selling goods to consumer, Bernays was persuaded that it was a unique political concept of how to regulate the masses. That is how psychology works, if we were to be told and conditioned into thinking certain race is more superior over another, we began to believe in it. And when the whole system around us is constructed in a way that supports that belief, we will start to think that we are indeed, superior. Racism has to do with assuming of oneself or a person as being different from other people. Racists think of themselves as being superior, and see others as being less than a human. Racism and prejudice are both attribute to a negative outlook of a group of people based entirely on their skin color, or their membership of that group. Racism is one distinct form of prejudice, associating with bigoted attitudes or action against members a certain ethnic group. The tendency to arrange our experience into categories is a universal and fundamental aspect of human cognition. We create perceptions in order to make sense of the continuous complication we encounter in our environment. This is a necessary part of human thought process, allowing us to process information efficiently and quickly. That is how a belief gets constructed, either by the social environment we live in, the schools we attend, church, families, or neighbors. Certainly, it could be all of that.In some ways very complicated but meanwhile, very straightforward: poverty and race go hand in hand in the United States. To sum things up, as there have always been strong links between race and privilege, there are also just as strong links between race and drawback, which can descend into poverty. Systematic prejudice pursues to flourish in the United States. Redlining was an unethical practice in which financial institutions, which discriminate against certain areas when deciding who can use their services. Often it was the poor neighborhoods that were racially determined. When redlining was taking place, these designated areas of poor neighborhoods were refused of loans, insurance, or mortgages. When an institution was practicing redlining, at all cause, will ignore the individual’s unique situation and qualifications, despite the fact that these individuals have strong credits and are qualified, because of a history default of that area or race. For example, we can look at how loans are given when they are trying to purchase a house, and how race can play a factor in this process. We all know that being able to possessed property is an important step in upward mobility in our society, but for people of color this step is often may not be as simple as they wish, because of racial discrimination. We also see this in employment: Employers are more inclined to hire a white applicant as opposed to a qualified black applicant, because of prejudice that is played in our society. Although slavery was finally outlawed and constitutions banning discrimination against African-Americans has passed. History eventually repeats itself, as racism continued to thrive, it is demonstrated in more subtle ways today. African Americans were not the only racial group who suffered from racism, with Japan’s air attack of Pearl Harbor in Hawaii on December 1941; racism against Japanese-Americans escalated to a high scale. Like Muslims after the 9/11 attacks, Japanese-Americans became targets of discrimination, harassment, and government supervision as the result of bombing of Pearl Harbor. As many as 120,000 Japanese-Americans citizens were sent to internment camps, over half of them were born and raised in the United States. Half of those citizens sent to camps were actually children. Many Muslim Americans today, are also dealing with racism because of Islam-phobia. Since many Americans became skeptical of their beliefs and actions, racists in the United States have become more forceful about trying to put down al Qaeda. They clearly expressed their concerns and uncertainties about the future of the country, and their place in the American society. These Muslim Americans feel rejected by their own people, often would come together, and willing to fight back in order to hold onto their values and beliefs. The stamina of police brutality against young African Americans, and the racist resentment that followed Obama’s election, proposed this new age group into a period that has characterized America’s filled with racial history. People who are racist will become more racist, because something they believe in is threatened. But while people are living in moment of discouragement, disappointment, and grief Black Lives Matter emerged, for the past years it assisted to introduce a new age in the effort to fight for racial justice.Racism has taken a toll on these individuals who feel that they are under attacked. People get depressed, living in fear, and feel anxious, not only that, sometimes these people are often too afraid to speak their mind, because they feel threatened by society based on his or her race and skin color. They are constantly living in fear, and because racism, it keeps victimized people from being able to settle down. These problems affect all of us as a whole; when one group is being maltreated, we should all be concerned, because if we are living in a free country, and freedom only applies to certain groups, which is not exactly the definition of freedom. Again, an individual established his or her attitudes and stereotypes from socialization.


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