Family Stress Reduction: Women Working Part Time

It is largely well known that the average American family is under much stress. Out of all of the countries across the world, people in the United States are the most prone to taking stress relieving medication. In an effort to reduce the stress experienced by families in this nation, it is important to look at the various ways in which families are suffering. Most people will agree that the average amount of time that a person should have to work every day is eight hours, not including weekends.

However, when both parents in a household are working full time, there leaves no extra work time to do household chores, garden, or cook for the family (Duxbury, Higgins, & Lee, 1994). In other words, what could be the leisure and relaxation time of the family is disrupted by the need to engage in housework. It is important to recognize the importance of women being able to work part time, for employers to allow for part time positions in offices and from home, so that there is someone at home during the day to take care of the many family and household needs (Duxbury, Higgins, & Johnson, 2000).

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When women are able to work part time for an employer and part time for the family, then her work load is balanced and the entire family is able to experience enough leisure time. Supporting View Women need a certain amount of hours per day to be able to shop, cook, clean, garden, and care for children as well as a certain amount of hours per day to be able to work part time, so that women are emotionally balanced in working their fair share of eight hours per day.

Many women these days try to juggle full time careers and family lives and end up not being able to meet their own needs or the needs of their family members. All people deserve to have relaxing evenings and weekends to spend engaged in leisurely activities, so that the entire family is able to recuperate from work (Cooper, Fried, Shirom, & Sparks, 1997). Time off from work is important, and every family member deserves to enjoy recreation and rest. Work is important, yet it is essential to maintain personal and familial equilibrium in not aiming to do too much.

In this fast paced world, it is often difficult to manage stress and tune out the action of the environment. However, one way of maintaining a healthy personal and family atmosphere is by limiting everyone’s work load to about eight hours per day. Opposing View Some people believe that women should work full time, put their children in day care, before care, or after care, and do housework, shopping, cooking, and other chores in the evening and on the weekends. They think that stress is a personal and family problem unrelated to the amount of work one performs during the day.

From this perspective, a person could work perhaps twelve hours per weekday and maybe ten extra hours on the weekend and still feel comfortable. Women are driven to be full time professional career women, placing home and family on the back burner. When careers come first, these women, often wives and mothers, believe that they want to have the same rights as men (Gerson, 1986). This work first, family later philosophy is what drives up the personal and family income, and money is valued as being central to the idea of productivity and success. Refutation

Although there are some people who believe that all adults should be working full time, there is much to be said for the family who is more balanced in allowing for the women to work part time. In these families, women work hard, part time for the home and family and part time for an employer. She brings home some extra cash for the family budget, yet she is also home for her children, home to gather foods and cook healthy food, home to clean and garden. This vital work is appreciated by her family and counts toward her eight hours of work per day.

Family evenings and weekends are relaxed, and every member of the family benefits from her care. This kind of family may not be the richest family on the block, but their productivity is measured by their happiness and love for one another, their relaxed and joyful lifestyle. Conclusion Generally speaking, it is critically important to consider the role of women in the modern world and to embrace part time work for women as a way of nurturing the entirety of humanity. Every person is limited in the amount of energy one has every day.

Pushing the borders of this daily energy limit is dangerous and leads to a significant array of health issues (Aryee, Srinivas, & Tan, 2005). Some health issues related to stress are overeating, overdrinking, and over-drugging, all significant problems in society today (Carroll, Curtin, Flegal, McDowell, Ogden, & Tabak, 2006). When people look to the family unit as a source of change, it is difficult to ignore that fact that many women are overly focused on careers and neglecting the needs of the home and children.

This is a catastrophe for American society and does nothing to help competitiveness in global business. The most successful corporations in the world are located in Europe, and Europe has embraced the idea of family-work balance and cooperativeness, with initiatives like part time work and flexible hours. If the United States is going to move into the modern world with competitive edge, then the needs of the home and family, the appropriate amount of rest and leisure, is going to have to receive much more attention.

The best route to take in achieving family-work balance is to encourage part time work for women. Works Cited Aryee, S. , Srinivas, E. , & Tan, H. Rhythms of Life: Antecedents and Outcomes of Work–Family Balance in Employed Parents. Journal of Applied Psychology 90(1), 2005, 132–146. Carroll, M. , Curtin, L. , Flegal, K. , McDowell, M. , Ogden, C. , & Tabak, C. Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity in the United States, 1999–2004. The Journal of the American Medical Association 295(13), 2006, 1549–1555. Cooper, C. , Fried, Y. , Shirom, A. , & Sparks, K.

The effects of hours of work on health: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology 70, 1997, 391-408. Duxbury, L. , Higgins, C. , & Johnson, K. Part-Time Work for Women: Does It Really Help Balance Work and Family? Human Resource Management 39(1), 2000, 17–32. Duxbury, L. , Higgins, C. , & Lee, C. Impact of Life-Cycle Stage and Gender on the Ability to Balance Work and Family Responsibilities. Family Relations 43(2), 1994, 144-150. Gerson, K. Hard choices: how women decide about work, career, and motherhood. University of California Press, 1986.


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