Explaining decrease poverty in Indonesia. Talking between economic


            The relationship between economic growth and poverty is one of the major
themes of current development literature and thinking. Economic grow in
Indonesia has closed possibility for decreasing poverty effects. This problem
has been doing since Indonesia full of population, the economic of Indonesia
still getting stuck in the other hand population of Indonesia always exhibit
high percentage than economic grow. This data is not fair, so it can reveal how
Indonesia always under prosperity line. Getting improve of population,
government don’t give reaction in this case may be the government don’t know
how to resolve it or people of Indonesia don’t know what has happened in this

            Basically, economic grow can change
everything even the population always reveal increasing because if the
population everyday can productive, the economic of Indonesia will change be
better. How can think that? Logically, if every people productive it influence
prosperity line increase and percentage of mortality mother and baby can
decrease as well. The most important thing that we have to know, if all of them
do in same way the poverty will minimalize itself. In this case actually effect
of economic grow can give more opportunity to decrease poverty in Indonesia.

            Talking between economic grow and
poverty, besides economic grow can help Indonesia from poverty honestly,
Indonesia has pancasila which every point of pancasila can explain poverty. We
can take one point of pancasila this is point number five sounds “keadilan
sosial bagi seluruh rakyat Indonesia”  from
this sila is very clearly that Indonesia will keep people and give fair
treatment and Indonesia has ensured peace life for everyone especially ensure
no poverty. Literally, government have given fair treatment and ensure peace
life but they give is not maximal they just give partially of treatment the
consequence many people live under poverty and people will feel what the
government have given is uneven.

            If we can think the government give maximal
treatment for Indonesia from one point of pancasila it will be giving high
productivity for Indonesian people. Now, let’s imagine with all of them 5 sila
can give solve to our problem poverty.


1.      “Ketuhanan yang maha esa”

We have known almost a half of population in
Indonesia has religion and has many different religion. Certainly they whose scriptures
tell them about poverty. It will impossible if their scriptures don’t tell
about resolve poverty. example a muslim with they Al-Qur’an and they hadist the
Al-Qur’an and the hadist inside it have explained all of them about poverty and
how a human do for poverty.

2.      “Kemanusiaan yang adil dan beradab”

Kemanusiaan yang adil dan beradab means that
every people have a good attitude especially help each other on poverty and
they have to fair if they help other it means people can’t choose who will they
give help but people must give help to all of them without look SARA.  Helping people from poverty is very important
it will be impress for Indonesia. Unconsciously, if every people can do it they
have helped Indonesia to increase percentage of prosperity and they have tried
be a good citizen.

3.      “Persatuan Indonesia”

It means 
Indonesian people must consolidate to help economic grow in Indonesia.

4.      “Kerakyatan yang dipimpin oleh hikmah
kebijaksanaan dalam permusyawaratan perwakilan”

From fourth sila it will be concluded every citizen
have to bound each other they have to help each other and improve Indonesia be
better without poverty.

5.      “Keadilan sosial bagi seluruh rakyat Indonesia”

The fifth sila is still relate with second sila
so, the purpose of the text is same. They have to fair if they help other it
means people can’t choose who will they give help but people must give help to
all of them without look SARA.

Looking some perspective from pancasila now,
let’s look UUD point of view. UUD has explained “melindungi segenap bangsa Indonesia
dan seluruh tumpah darah Indonesia, memajukan kesejahteraan umum, mencerdaskan
kehidupan bangsa dan ikut melaksanakan ketertiban dunia yang berdasarkan
kemerdekaan, perdamaian abadi dan keadilan sosial”.

We can imagine
that Indonesia had explained clearly of poverty. Word “melindungi segenap
bangsa Indonesia dan seluruh tumpah darah Indonesia” it means that
Indonesia has powerful strategy to safe citizen from poverty or from threat as
well. Next, not only it but UUD also has detail explain and information about
poverty in Indonesia, they are:

1.       Number 27 point 2 “Tiap-tiap warga negara
berhak atas pekerjaan dan penghidupan yang layak bagi kemanusiaan”

2.      Number 34 point 1 “Fakir miskin dan
anak-anak terlantar dipelihara oleh negara”

3.      Number 34 point 2 “Negara
mengembangkan sistem jaminan sosial bagi seluruh rakyat dan memberdayakan
masyarakat yang lemah dan tidak mampu sesuai dengan martabat kemanusiaan”.

The explain information which we get from UUD
almost same like in pancasila perspective. It means that UUD tell us to don’t
worry of having live in Indonesia because Indonesia has organized how citizen
free from poverty. The poor people will get full attention from government they
will give them social assurance and government will keep them well.

Pancasila and UUD have given statement that they have organized every poverty
in Indonesia actually, percentage of doing poverty probably can happen. Even
though, we have to know how to lack poverty in Indonesia besides through UUD
and pancasila.

1.      Social participation

Social participation means keep citizen from
poverty with give more information about job, take awareness about effect of
poverty, find a solution about minimalize job and do evaluation daily.

2.      Social advocate

Social advocate is part of social
accompaniment, social protection and defense for the poorest citizen right
which has been violated by another citizen.

3.      Strength human resources

Strength human resources is one of resource to
minimalize poverty in Indonesia it works giving:


1.      Education

2.      Training

3.      Research

4.      Apprentice

5.      Development

4.      Social partnership

Partnerships can be implemented through the establishment
and strengthening of networks, associations, consortiums, cooperative ties and
joint actions.