Genocide Convention

The genocide convention was an act organized by the United Nations on December 9th, 1948 to prevent the crime of genocide and to declare it to be considered a crime under international law. Genocide is the killing of a large group of people based on their ethnicity (The Dictionary). Any acts committed to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial, or religious group is the definition of genocide under the convention & that genocide, conspiracy to genocide, attempt to commit genocide, etc. ill result in punishment (Document 1: United Nations Convention on the Prevention & Punishment of the Crime of Genocide). The convention was passed in order to prevent actions similar to the Holocaust (Document 2: Genocide Convention Participation by Nation). Many Jews, mentally challenged, disabled, homosexuals, Serbs, etc. were all sent to death camps during world war 2 (Document 3: Mass Deportation to Death Camps). There is an unknown amount of those who were killed, slaughtered, executed, beaten, injured, & mistreated during the holocaust but there were millions of Jews alone that died.In 1942 the U. S. and Great Britain took action to declare a declaration in which will prosecute those responsible of the violence and crimes committed against civilian populations (Document 4: Nuremberg Trials). This is a step in the right direction to take control of all who suffer under no law and no control of crimes committed. In 1938 Fascist Italy laws stripped Jews of many rights such as many prohibitions all as a result of Nazi goal to rid country completely of Jews and Jewish influence (Document 6: Manifesto of Race).Prohibitions such as visiting certain spots, owning certain items, writing or sharing public opinion were enforced to ensure the hopes of Jews lenient towards immigration. Many were tortured, killed, all to ensure that the Jews influence wouldn’t exist. Many other acts were also committed such as 110,000 Japanese soldiers being sent to relocation camps after Pearl Harbor (Document 7). The same actions were taken as a result of Canada’s war measure act (Document 8). Massacres were also a result of no laws in control of Genocide.In 1937 Hundreds of thousands of Chinese civilians and disarmed soldiers were murdered & 20,000-80,000 women were raped (Document 9: Nanking Massacre). And in 1940 22000 victims were murdered under the mass execution of polish citizens by the Soviet Unions secret police (document 10: Katyn Massacre). One big topic that resulted in a new era was the bombing of Hiroshima. In four raids, almost 4,000 tons of bombs were dropped on the city of Hiroshima demolishing 15 square miles of the city (document 12: Bombing of Hiroshima). Damages were indescribable and the bomb on Hiroshima was unnecessary.Japanese refused to surrender but the defeat was definite with or without a bomb. The bombing of innocent civilians would have not had to occur. Japans defeat was already a factor and an event to take place without the needs to destroy land, & kill thousands of people. The Genocide act was a necessary, important event to take place because it represented an end to the suffering of innocent civilians & would control the world and maybe even result in peace & the convention was the first time sense war has impacted the world that there was international control.


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