During vitamin deficiencies. Soldiers began to eat dried

During the Civil War,
soldier spent very little time in combat and most of it at camps; which
consisted of little to nothing to do. Soldiers often felt the impact of
boredom, and relied on game cards, and reading and writing letters for their
entertainment. In the camps, there was inadequate shelter, unhealthy food,
which caused diseases and illnesses to spread across the camps rapidly. The
Union army ate a small variety of meals which consisted of hardtack, raw pork,
and coffee. Fruits and vegetables were not prevalent in soldier’s diets, which
caused a weakness in immune systems, and vitamin deficiencies. Soldiers began
to eat dried vegetables, such as tomato skins, and carrots. The vegetables were
dried and then flattened into a thin sheet and boiled. Fruits and vegetables were major components in Confederate soldiers’
diets, and it consisted up potatoes, lambs quarter, and thistle. The
Soldiers on both the North and South had unhealthy camps, which assisted in the
outbreaks of body lice in many soldiers’ clothing. Soldiers lived outdoors in
tents and in unclean conditions which caused not only body lice, but other
illnesses to spread as well.

            Various
kinds of weapons and artillery were used during the Civil War; cannons played a
main role in the war as they could produce major blows and impacts that could
slow down the enemy. In order to maneuver and work a cannon during the war,
multiple men were needed; some were needed to sponge the barrel in order to
avoid unintentional explosions, and to carry cannon balls and ammo from behind,
and a couple of men to push the powder and projectile to the back of the
cannon. The Union had a major advantage in artillery due to the fact that the
North had many factories, which they produced weaponry and other items as their
economy was based on infrastructure. Torpedoes were used during the war, these explosive
shells are supposed to look like lumps of coal. The inside of the torpedoes
were hollowed out and were full of gunpowder, and then closed with wax, and
covered in soot to make it unidentifiable. Confederate soldiers dropped the
torpedoes into coal stashes, where they predicted it would be delivered into
the Union warships, which could damage the ship after an explosion.

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            Numerous
engineering techniques took place throughout the Civil War; bridges that were
held up by floats to sustain walking or vehicular travel are called pontoon
bridges, or floating bridges.

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