Did the toothpastes with mild abrasives, which polish

Did you know that nearly ninety percent of dental patients request tooth whitening during regular dental checkups? This just goes to show how many people are unsatisfied with the color of their teeth. In-office dental bleaching is incredibly expensive, and can cost you six hundred and fifty dollars, or more! That’s a lot of money for white teeth. However, there are more frugal, easily-accessible options. Take a look at your local drugstore’s toothpaste and dental care aisle. There is a vast abundance of whitening toothpastes and various products that promise to give you the whitest teeth you’ve ever had. But what’s in these products? How do they work? This paper will go over whitening products in addition to professional dental whitening processes. Teeth yellow with age and use. That is a natural process; it occurs in all animals with natural teeth. The inner layers below the enamel, called dentin, color over time, and the outer layer, enamel, will thin due to brushing, eating, and other environmental factors, thus revealing the yellowed dentin beneath over time. Smoking, drinking certain beverages such as red wine, coffee, and tea, in addition to some medications, can also expedite this breakdown of the human tooth. These are all perfectly natural, and it is totally normal to see staining in teeth as people get older. Cutting out coffee, red wine, black tea, and cigarettes is one way slow this process. It is important to note that the vast majority of tooth yellowing is caused by dentin coloring over time, and this can really only be reversed by bleaching. Whitening toothpastes can go no further than the enamel, lifting stains, polishing enamel, or dissolving stains. Therefore, the results of these products tend to be no more than one shade lighter on the sixteen point tooth shade scale, and will last for how long you use the product. Whitening toothpastes are generally sorted into two categories, as far as how they actually whiten your teeth. There are the the toothpastes with mild abrasives, which polish away at the surface stains on your enamel, and the toothpastes that contain peroxide, which bleaches your teeth. The mild abrasives generally consist of magnesium carbonate, calcium carbonate, and/or hydrated aluminium oxides. The toothpastes that have peroxide usually have hydrogen peroxide or carbamide peroxide in them. These are both bleaching agents (it will be explained how these work later). Those are the functional whitening ingredients in whitening toothpaste. Hydrogen peroxide, a bleaching agent, has been shown to lighten teeth in diluted doses. It’s never used at a full one hundred percent concentration, as that would be detrimental to the health of teeth and gums. It is the functional component in most professional bleaching solutions used in dentist’s offices. Hydrogen peroxide and carbamide peroxide have been shown to produce safe and excellent results in one time use products, in addition to toothpastes and strips. It has been noted by the American Dental Association that peroxides can cause mild sensitivity, however, they are still approved for regular use. Carbamide peroxide is another bleaching agent that has been mentioned before. The difference in between carbamide peroxide and hydrogen peroxide chemically is that carbamide peroxide breaks down into hydrogen peroxide over time when combined with water. It has been noted in a study that carbamide peroxide produced quicker results in a fourteen day period. However, at the end of the study, at twelve weeks, the difference in between carbamide peroxide and hydrogen peroxide was negligible. To summarize, carbamide peroxide and hydrogen peroxide will produce the same results over a longer period of time, but carbamide peroxide will produce quicker results. Whiteners that use bleaching agents as the functional ingredient work like so: When the chemicals break down on the surface of the enamel, they release oxygen into the enamel, which whitens the teeth. During professional teeth whitening, dentists will use peroxide solutions withconcentrations of twenty-five to forty percent. These chemicals will burn your gums if they come into prolonged contact, so gums are protected with a rubber dam, silicone, or alginate that is placed onto the gums. On occasion, whitening treatments are used with a special light or laser, but no official scientific study has tested whether this makes bleaching treatments more effective. Treatments available in stores or online to the public, where you don’t need a doctor to prescribe or buy them, have a much lower concentration of peroxide, typically five to fifteen percent. These will come in the form of strips, trays, or gels that can be applied to the teeth. Both at-home treatments and professional treatments work with varying results depending on product or dental office. Over the counter teeth whitening strips consist of a plastic strip and a peroxide gel. The plastic strip is a specific type of plastic called polyethylene. It is thin and elastic, so that it can stretch and mold to your teeth so no gaps are left. Think of the material as a thicker type of cling wrap. Gaps in the whitening strips result in very unattractive dark spots which is something you wouldn’t get with a gel or tray treatment, as that would totally surround the teeth. However, gel and tray treatments tend to be more uncomfortable. The whitening gel has hydrogen peroxide or carbamide peroxide in it, as well as an adhesive, and when the strip is held up against the teeth, the enamel can absorb the peroxide and the peroxide dissolves the color compounds in your teeth. Some strips will need to be kept on teeth for a certain amount of time based on peroxide concentration, while others do not. It varies from brand to brand and type to type. In conclusion, most whitening products on the market are totally safe to use. The American Dental Association studies certain products and approves them for use. In the list of whitening products the American Dental Association has approved, there are six toothpastes from Colgate, concentrations of twenty-five to forty percent. These chemicals will burn your gums if they come into prolonged contact, so gums are protected with a rubber dam, silicone, or alginate that is placed onto the gums. On occasion, whitening treatments are used with a special light or laser, but no official scientific study has tested whether this makes bleaching treatments more effective. Treatments available in stores or online to the public, where you don’t need a doctor to prescribe or buy them, have a much lower concentration of peroxide, typically five to fifteen percent. These will come in the form of strips, trays, or gels that can be applied to the teeth. Both at-home treatments and professional treatments work with varying results depending on product or dental office. Over the counter teeth whitening strips consist of a plastic strip and a peroxide gel. The plastic strip is a specific type of plastic called polyethylene. It is thin and elastic, so that it can stretch and mold to your teeth so no gaps are left. Think of the material as a thicker type of cling wrap. Gaps in the whitening strips result in very unattractive dark spots which is something you wouldn’t get with a gel or tray treatment, as that would totally surround the teeth. However, gel and tray treatments tend to be more uncomfortable. The whitening gel has hydrogen peroxide or carbamide peroxide in it, as well as an adhesive, and when the strip is held up against the teeth, the enamel can absorb the peroxide and the peroxide dissolves the color compounds in your teeth. Some strips will need to be kept on teeth for a certain amount of time based on peroxide concentration, while others do not. It varies from brand to brand and type to type. In conclusion, most whitening products on the market are totally safe to use. The American Dental Association studies certain products and approves them for use. In the list of whitening products the American Dental Association has approved, there are six toothpastes from Colgate,

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