Spain is a
democracy, ruled by law and is a welfare state. The value of the model in Spain
for harmoniously living in peace are freedom, justice, equality, political
pluralism, dignity of the person and respect for fundamental rights and public
freedoms. The constitution protects the rights of people and establishes
principles to guide the actions of public powers. Some traits are particularly
important in the constitutional framework. The rights to equality,
non-discriminant, freedom of ideology, religion, sexual orientation,
expression, education, meeting, demonstration, association, political parties,
union, business associations and strikes.
The type of political system
in Spain is a constitutional monarchy.
Branches: Executive-president of government nominated by
monarch, subject to approval by democratically elected Congress of Deputies.Political parties are Spanish
Socialist Workers Party (PSOE), Popular Party (PP), and the United Left (IU)
coalition. Key regional parties are the Convergence and Union (CIU) in
Catalonia and the Basque Nationalist Party (PNV) in the Basque country.
two main political parties, there is a bewildering array of other parties that
have representation in a small way in the Spanish Parliament. Like many other
democracies elections usually result in one of the two gaining power. The first
party is the Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party, has been in power since 2004. As
the name suggests, it is a party dedicated to representing worker and may be linked
to the UK’s Labor Party. Formed in 1879, it describes itself as a center-left,
social democratic, progressive party. In November 2011, a general election was held,
and this party was ousted, being replaced by the Popular Party.
The Popular Party, also known as the “Peoples’ Party, in its
present incarnation, was formed in 1989, after an earlier version, called
Popular Alliance, dating back to 1976. It describes itself as conservative and
liberal and, therefore is quite similar to the UK’S Conservative Party.
president of the government, sometime unreliably called “the Spanish President”,
is the prime minister and is elected by the Congress of Deputies. It is
informal but international and commonly known as “prime minister”. The current
president is Mariano Rajoy Brey, elected on 21 of December in 2011. He
nominates several vie president ordered numerically by grade and responsible
for the respective main minister, such as Finance, Foreign affairs, National
administration and so on. Minister of the presidency and Vice President,María
Soraya Sáenz de Sanramaría Antón, appointed on 21 of December in 2011. The
Council of Ministers is appointed by the Prime Minister.
Governmental policies (incl. Foreign Trade
policy towards its ethnic minorities was more centralized and unifying than
that of its neighbor, France, where a liberal democratic structure allowed
private sector initiatives to keep regional cultures and languages alive.
restoration of democracy, the Spanish elites (many of whom come from one of the
ethnic peripheral countries, particularly from Catalonia) were much more
tolerant of cultural, ethnic and linguistic differences.
Roles of the Government (as a description)
government of Felipe González, the minister of economy, finance and commerce
served as “superminister” and the main spokesman for the government
with the responsibility of advising the prime minister on economic and
financial policies. The Ministry of Economy, Finance and Trade has formulated
general economic policies; prepared the budget; checked the state accounts;
supervised expenses; managed the public debt; supervised banks, insurance
companies and stock exchanges; and taxes collected.
few weaknesses in Spain which increase risk within the country. There is still
high level of private and public debts- Duality of labor market, with high
level of structural unemployment. There are also large numbers of relatively
unproductive mall companies in Spain. The unity of the country threatened by
of social movement that you can fin nowadays in Spain are refugees, education,
corruption. More precisely about education, there is to start with no civic
education. Girls and boys are in different classes, and there are less inversion.
Above all, universities decide the years of study