Chapter As we preserve our country’s traditions and

Chapter 1


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In these latter days of human progress, we continue to improve not only physically but the way we think and stand decisions of our own. Moreover, we redefine our differences on other species validating that “humans are the only animal who have designed Moon rockets, so we must be the most intelligent” which brings the fact that we are superior to any else.

            Intelligence can be measurable depending on different strengths including linguistics that deals with individuals’ ability to understand both spoken and written language. Since there are four language skills, writing is a form where we record what we hear, read, and speak, making it the crucial product of our understanding. Many people like adults, teens, and more specifically, students often commit mistakes when writing, particularly on the specific language used. Here in the Philippines, it is legally required to use the universal language, English. Today, we recognize English as the second language of almost all countries.

            Practicing the English language may hinder the use of our native tongue, but we do not stop being Filipino when using English. In fact, we can use it as our advantage. As a citizen of the Philippines, we have every right to express ourselves. We have the power to convey our culture rich through writing and thus making more people understand what we want to say. A person may not excel in oral discussions but writing takes time and you can organize your ideas without having to take back what is already been said. As we preserve our country’s traditions and norms, who said that we can only use Filipino as a medium? These mistakes open us for an opportunity to learn and branching out will open to criticism, a good start on a journey to proper literacy.

Normally for us Filipinos it is not a big deal using English in writing. This is because it’s not our first language. Actually, Filipinos use their own language when conversing with other people, which is Filipino, most widely used, Tagalog.  At some point, locals use their native language based on provinces, (Ilocano, Kapampangan, Bisaya, etc.) to preserve the ideal Filipino language, others prefer to speak foreign language and conventionalize not in their own language believing that this could effectively change their fluency especially in English.

Writing is essential for communicating as to express our feelings, thoughts, and ideas in a process of using symbols such as letters of the alphabet and punctuation marks. Regardless of what we do, or how advanced the medium when writing becomes, the written words will always have a place at the table.

When we make reading (others’ writing) a regular practice, we learn to think more critically, empathize on others’ perspective, and come up with wide chances of new thoughts and ideas. As said by Smith, K. A. (2008), “Showing significant growth in expository reading comprehension and writing both affect the comparable magnitude for both native English speakers and English language learners”.

Such good writing skills may take time to improve. There are two fundamentals, one is receptive that involves reading and listening, and the other one is productive where speaking and writing finishes the work. Not necessarily, that even if he/she is not a writer means to stop writing.  By recalling previously gained knowledge over the past years of learning probably would help us, it is just a matter of writing down all taught to us.

Writing plays a vital role to students not only as an important academic skill. It translates any career fields wherein they can take this as provision when they step out as professionals someday, thus its importance in education offers a great impact to many lives.

To accomplish good writing, students must learn how to proofread and how to edit a sentence or paragraph. However, they lack skills in writing especially when it comes to grammar, sentence structures, excellent vocabulary and correct spellings, which makes this difficult for them. Plus, the fact that they do not have the interest in Compositions that leads them to be poor writers, have low scores in their subjects, increase the error in their homework, write run-on sentences and make incoherent paragraphs This negatively affects one’s ability and reputation. That is why students face problems in this concern because they are trying to think about everything at once, without having organization on what should be the first and the last thing to say making the task seemingly impossible for them.

Engaging to it enables us to discover more of ourselves. Hence, writing also helps us reflect on our own culture by conveying experiences through words and symbols that allow the readers to be able to understand what we are trying to deliver. Rest assured that by seriously taking part of this act would mean advantageous for easier future job employment.

Nowadays, students become less aware of their mistakes in writing. Happens to be too much exposure to media. Technology indeed continues to improve over time, and by that, students become more intensified giving their status differently in way to address their opinions through social networking sites on the internet. Also, they get easily attached to current blogs and articles on the internet that are yet congenial but not that much formal, failing to notice proper grammar or punctuation that greatly affect constructing their own sentences. 

Since technology is dominating, internet slangs are eventually becoming popular and most commonly used by people. These short-termed or so called abbreviations  such as TTYL (Talk To You Later), BRB (Be Right Back), LOL (Laugh Out Loud), BTW (By The Way), etc. , are now becoming a part of the modern language we know today.

Here in the Philippines, almost everyone seem to be familiar to words like “lodi”, “werpa”, and “petmalu” seen on their recent feeds. The millennials perhaps, created new modes of words for communicating especially online. Most probably, the resurgence of the use of colloquial words in the country turns out to be prevalent. In this time around, there are newly coined words that millennials are using to express themselves in a style which words are fashioned yet old-school trick, where the syllables of a particular word are switched around to form a new one. This has something to do with colloquial mentality that drained the minds of this generation. These kind of expressions/words tend to sneak in as writers, being a part of a society, are influenced by the way people speak in that society. Naturally, they are bound to add these expressions in their vocabulary.











































Background of the study

Colegio de la Immaculada Concepcion de la Concordia, also called La Concordia College today, was founded by a rich and kind woman from Manila, Dona Margarita Roxas de Ayala that converted her villa grande into a catholic school open for girls. Dates back in May 3, 1828, when the first eight sisters from Spain known as “The Daughters of Charity”, came to the Philippines who brought the Escuela Pia and supported the growth and development of this educational institution. Started up of having small enrollment fees, they got sixty students taught with a curriculum which comprises of emphasized religion, good manners, simple arithmetic, culture and arts like sewing, embroidery, cooking, needlecraft, household work, and of course, reading and writing.

            Year 1902, when the English curriculum started, the school did not concentrated on it very much because they focused more on nursing and religion. Concordia College was established in 1868 but the English curriculum developed over the course of more than 140 years.

Prominent persons like Maria Paz Mendoza-Guazo, who is a writer, an educator and a feminist; molded by the school along with its progression. Because of the revolution, her studies in Concordia was interrupted and moved to an American School in 1901 that made her the first ever Filipina woman doctor in history. There were also the Philippine National Hero, Dr. Jose Rizal’s sisters namely – Saturnina, Olympia, and Soledad. And two of his fiancé, Leonor Rivera and Segunda Katigbak who studied in Concordia too.

Now, Concordia College started as an exclusive learning place for young ladies, became Co-Ed since the early years of the 21st century that gave way to reach more than a thousand students enrolled included in the Integrated Basic Education Department and Higher Education Department. Up to this time, Concordia continues to produce quality educated and Christ-centered students that will empower communities and build a better nation.

In our contemporary reforms, recent changes in the Philippines’ educational system was carried out starting in 2011. The K-12 education was signed into law back in 2013, adding three years to the country’s basic education curriculum. This new guide requires all Filipino students to have one year of kindergarten, six years of elementary schooling (grades 1 to 6), four years of junior high school (grades 7 to 10), and two years of senior high school (grades 11 to 12). According to an article from (2017), prior to the implementation of the K to 12 curriculum guide, the Philippines was one of only three countries in the world and the only one in Asia that still had only 10 years in basic education. This has always been seen as a disadvantage for our students who are competing in an increasingly global job market. The longer educational cycle of the K to 12 curriculum is seen as critical in giving Filipino students a higher quality of education.

Whereas, the changes brought by the K-12 program concerning the curriculum, Alternative Learning System was implemented to those who were given a chance to finish degree in college.

Meanwhile, in the high school department, fortunate students who came all the way from public/government schools were given scholarship grants to continue their education in Concordia College with having low-cost tuition fees. However, they find difficulties coping up with the school’s teaching strategies by its faculty relating with the students’ learning techniques. In most cases, teachers in public schools tend to apply techniques that are not that illegible to students today. For example, they use multiple choices more often and forget to consider essay writings in aligns of following the basic writing process instruction for improving composition skills in a much better way. Presumably, this however can lower down the essence of linguistics to every students that will take courses in the future which will require writing on it. 

Statement of the Problem

Due to the requirements that academic writing demands to students, the study focuses on the students’ main writing skill difficulties that affect their performance in one of the major subjects in school, which is English. It was necessary to carry out an investigation, showing whether or not students had strong difficulties for writing reports, essays and summaries, or the skills that they are able to apply when asked for compositions, giving more indicators of students’ failures and strategies and making teachers’ feedback easier on the composition field. Good writing requires practice and appropriate feedback, which teachers must never de-emphasize.

Specifically, the study sought to answer the following:

1.)    What is the demographic profile of the respondents?

1.1  age; and

1.2  gender

2.)    What problem/s interfere with the respondents when writing in terms of:

2.1 Attention

2.2 Spatial and Sequential Ordering

2.3 Memory

2.4 Language

2.5 High-cognition; and

2.6 Graphomotor

3.)    Is there a significant relationship between the respondents’ demographic profile and the perceived indication of problems in the writing process? 


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