Increasing fruits and vegetable in the diet is an essential as far as good nutrition is concern, because it provide sufficient amount of important components such as vitamin C, folic acid and calcium which are normally required by the body for physiological process. It also helps in the detoxification of the GIT by increasing stool elimination while prolonging absorption in the intestines.
Sodium intake can be achieved though sodium chloride (table salt) which is importance in controlling electrolyte balance, hence preventing muscle cramps, water intoxication and dizziness all associated to low sodium intake. Saturated fats and trans fats should be included in the diet because they help in digestion of food and also are important in the synthesis of importance hormones required by the body, however saturated fat have been linked to heart disease but the not as riskier as carbohydrates and monosaturated fats.
Roughage intake is important for health living because it increase the bulk of the matter, soften stool and soften transit time the intestinal track hence preventing constipation, in additions it is also attributed reduced excess sugar absorption, promote fermentation in the colon which produce short chain fatty acids, reducing weight by lowering cholesterol levels and finally it reduces the risk of colon cancer.
Inclusion regular exercise is vital for normal healthy living because it reduces the changes of the predisposable diseases, however, the exercises should be observed as duty which in most times it is not applicable because of the day to day commitments. In this regard it is recommended that walking to places of work by foot and walking through the stairs instead of using a lift is good intervention of achieving heath living. References Development of the Dietary Guidelines (2010) retrieved on 17 august 2010 from http://www. cnpp. usda. gov/dietaryguidelines. htm Nelson, D. L. Cox, M. M. (2000). Lehninger Principles of Biochemistry (3rd ed. ).
New York: Worth Publishing. Food and Nutrition Board, National Academy of Sciences. Recommended Dietary Allowances, revised 1945. National Research Council, Reprint and Circular Series, No. 122, (Aug), p. 3-18. Eckel RH, Borra S, Lichtenstein AH, Yin-Piazza SY (April 2007). “Understanding the complexity of trans fatty acid reduction in the American diet: American Heart Association Trans Fat Conference 2006: report of the Trans Fat Conference Planning Group”. Circulation 115 (16): 2231–46.