Bahrain years, accident rates in the Gulf Countries

Bahrain is located in the Arabian Gulf
consisting of 33 islands, with a total of 756.3 Km2 area and a
population of 1,418,895, it is considered to be
densely populated country. Furthermore,
Bahrain has a modern highway system that closely resembles the American highway
system. Highways and major roads Figure 1.1 in the northern third of
Bahrain are four to six lanes wide and well maintained while roads in villages
and older parts in Manama and Muharraq are narrow and twisting.In Bahrain, right side drive
system is used, the traffic signs are written in English and Arabic. The
traffic law enforcement in Bahrain is pretty covert and travel by road in
Bahrain is generally safe with strict traffic rules. Despite the existing
traffic rules and enforcement there are some violations that drivers commit
such as reckless driving, reckless merging and parking anywhere. These
violations can result into accidents, despite the high standards of the road
networks that have been built in accordance with high international norms, as
they have mostly been developed during the last 30 years, accident rates in the
Gulf Countries show alarming figures when compared to many developed countries.
The fatality rates per 100,000 motor vehicles in Bahrain is 19.6 whereas in
developed country such as in the Unites States of America the fatality rate per
100,000 motor vehicles is 12.9. 
Statistics show that accidents are distributed evenly among the various
days of the week, regardless of the differences in the exposure rate. According
to the General Directorate of Traffic data, there are 35 factors behind the
3,973 recorded accidents; it is evident that the major cause is careless
driving and lack of attention as it generates 2,613 cases which is 65% of the
accidents 4. Traffic conditions in Bahrain
are clear and the flow is constant, congestion happen during the peak hours
especially in areas such as the Educational area located in Isa Town.According to Kingdom of
Bahrain, Ministry of Interior – General Directorate of Traffic, the
classification of vehicles licensed and in use on the roads in the period
ranging between the years 2016-2017 is as follow. There are different type of
vehicles license which are private, taxi on call, diplomatic, public, security,
public transport (buses), public transport (double cabin pick-up), taxi,
motorcycle, tourist vehicles, construction vehicles, royal court, special use
and semi-trailers.Some definitions of the
vehicles types that are going to be used in the research are as follows,
Passenger Cars:
these are motor vehicles for roads that are used to carry the passengers
from one place to another. The maximum number of passengers that a
passenger car can carry is 9 passengers (counting the driver). Passenger
Cars can be further divided into two which are small and large passenger
cars, the difference between them is basically the car length which is
less than 3.5 meters is a small passenger car while ones that are larger
than 3.5 meters are considered to be large cars. (Passenger cars in this
research include mini cars, saloon cars, jeep
cars, taxis,
vans, small pickup trucks (single and double cabin), and police
Heavy Vehicles: They are vehicles that
under Heavy Vehicle National Law (HVNL) have a gross vehicle mass of more than
4.5 tones. They are vehicles that have more than four tires touching the
pavement during normal operation. (Heavy vehicles included in this research are
trucks, trailers and recreational vehicles (RV’s) 5.
Buses:  they are larger vehicles that can carry
a large number of passengers. (Buses in this research include mini-buses
and large buses.)
 With reference to the data
provided by the General Directorate of Traffic we compared the values and we found
out that the growth rate of the vehicles increased rapidly compared to the past
years. This outgrowth was a result of increase in the population, moreover in
average every family member owns a car which also contributes in the increase
that happened to the vehicles registered and in use.The kingdom of Bahrain started
couple of years ago the new public transportation system which is considered
very efficient and covers most of the areas in the Kingdom but still majority
of the people would rather use their own car than the public transport. As we previously mentioned the
because of the outgrowth in number of vehicles the General Directorate of
Traffic along with the Ministry of works aims to find new possible ways to
reduce the effect of the increase on traffic and to avoid traffic jams as
possible.  Due to the difference in
geometric properties, environmental conditions, transportation facilities and
the rate of development for transport sector, many standard relations and
factors used in a country may not be suitable for other countries. Due to this
issue it is necessary to determine the different parameters which are suitable
for the local transport system characteristics such as passenger car



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