Autism is a developmental disorder, neurological in nature, which affects thinking, perception, attention, social skills and human behavior. The word “autism” is both a specific diagnosis, and a general term for all disorders associated with autism. The question is actual because the frequency of autism is about 1–2 per 1,000 people worldwide, and it occurs about four times more often in boys than girls.
“The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that 1 in 68children in the U.S. have autism. The prevalence is 1 in 42 for boys and 1 in 189 for girls. These rates yield a gender ratio of about five boys for every girl.”, wrote Jessica Wright (Spectrum – The Real Reasons Autism Rates Are Up in the U.S., March 3, 2017). There are still many problems in diagnosing autism in low-developed countries. That’s why we cannot find real statistics among kids in different countries. The other reason is lack of specialists in this area that leads to late diagnostics. The brain of child takes information actively during first seven years. It’s reasonable to develop an autist before this age by efforts of psychologists, speech therapists to slow or even stop the progress of the disease. In Ukraine there is no one state establishment on treatment of autists for educating and adaptation. Unfortunately, majority families are not good informed about autism and don’t have enough money to overcome this problem. Families, society and the educational system are the main resources for treatment. We have to try to explain to parents, doctors, teachers and society. Children with autism are unique and special, some of them are even genius. Joe Carter noticed that “About 10 percent of children have syndrome, fragile X syndrome, tuberous sclerosis, or other genetic and chromosomal disorders. ASD is commonly co-occurring with other developmental, psychiatric, neurologic, chromosomal, and genetic diagnoses.” (9 Things You Should Know About Autism. April 15, 2016).
“Intellect” in people with autism can be very different, from very low to very high. The level of intelligence does not depend on the symptoms of autism. The fact that each of us, even as a mature adult, can learn and become proficient in a foreign language or a new sport l, illustrates how flexible the typical brain is at learning to do new things. Even all adult students in this class make new neuron connections developing public speaking. This is called neuroplasticity of the human brain. The amazing ability of the cerebral cortex during a critical period is that it is so plastic that it can change simply under the influence of a new stimulus. So children, for example, learn to speak. Informing people about autism and early treatment will help to prevent complications in future.