Drug addiction is a problem that has continued to be a concern among many people in the society today. Whether this addiction is medical or illegal is not an issue. It is believed that once an individual has become addicted to drugs it’s difficult for the body to return to its original state of functioning before addiction. There are two types of drugs that an individual can get addicted to. The first type of addiction is medical addiction. This is the kind of addiction that results from the use of medical drugs which are usually prescribed.
The other type of addiction is addiction from non medical drugs usually controlled substances. Although medical drugs are engineered for the safety of the body, when not used according to prescriptions dependence can arise. Addiction not only affects the body by making it depend on the chemical but it also affects the brain. It can occur as a result of abuse of any substance such alcohol, coffee and cigarettes. Drugs addiction has a negative impact on an individual and the society at large.
If medical drugs such as marijuana are made legal, there will be an increased accessibility to these drugs to even young and ignorant children. Because of the easy access to these addictive drugs, it will lead to their heavy use by individuals on medical grounds which will leave them addicted to narcotics that are contained in the potent medicines. It is estimated that by the year 1900, the number of people who were addicted to narcotic were more compared to today’s. Most of individuals who became addicted were medical addicts because during the days the number of individuals who used drugs for recreation was few (Gerber, p 45).
Because majority of drug users (70%) in the US are said to be employed, legalizing it may have a dramatic effect on the safe delivery of services such as pilots, physicians, drivers and many others. Available data indicate that when marijuana is used, it produces severe panic reactions and at times transient psychoses. People who perform duties under its influence such as driving are not only a danger to themselves but also to others around them. When marijuana is used consistently, it can bring about mental breakdown, passivity and also reduction in constructive ability.
Majority of its users have been known to progress to the use of more addictive, strong and dangerous drugs. Victims from economically poor areas are said to progress to the use of Heroin while those users who are economically stable move to more powerful hallucinogens like LSD (Shepard & Paul, p. 44) Marijuana not only causes damage to the user but also the people around him/her. This damage can be physical or spiritual. People under the influence of marijuana may cause accidents by loosing control and crashing cars or even planes causing harm deaths. People who use marijuana have been found to show signs of disorientation and clumsiness.
This people should not be allowed to use machinery under such conditions. Some studies have shown that 55% of all fatal accidents that occur in the US are either directly or indirectly linked to the use of alcohol. It is suspected that marijuana may pose similar a danger although there has not been dependable data that could support that (Earleywine, p 22). Based on the United States policy on respect for individual freedom that appears in its history: from the declaration of independency that gives each individual the right to liberty, pursuit of happiness and also the right to life: medicinal marijuana should be legalized.
The constitution together with the bill of rights goes a step further to provide specific guarantees to the citizens. They forbid the government from making unnecessary entry into people’s homes. It prohibits abduction of personal property by the government unless there are clear reasons which have been accepted by the judiciary. Each and every citizen has the right to his privacy and it’s considered to one of the basic human rights (Shepard & Paul, p. 44) For the US to purport to be promoting freedom in other countries, it should first be able to guarantee the same to its citizens.
Although it is difficult to guarantee freedom to all citizens by the state considering the activities that are carried out in private, the US traditions do not allow the government to interfere with the personal behavior of adults provided that it does no harm to any other individual. The same should be applied to people who use marijuana. They should be allowed to use it provided that it does not disturb any other individual. Just like other drugs like alcohol, morphine and aspirin, it should also be made legal and be monitored by FDA.
Because it is because of the fact that it is illegal to use it, that the government and other concerned agencies are not abler to control its availability and use. If this is done, marijuana could be safer for use as it could be monitored by various bodies such as Drug Enforcement Administration there by ensuring that only quality and less toxic drug gets to the market (Boire, p 12). Conclusion Considering arguments presented from both sides, there is some valid claims in each of the arguments.
By legalizing medical marijuana, there will be more benefits that will come with it such as proper regulation of its use thus ensuring its safety. Work Cited: Boire, R. Glen. Marijuana law. 1996. Oakland, CA: Ronin Pub. p. 12 Earleywine, Mitch. Understanding Marijuana: A New Look at the Scientific Evidence. 2002. Oxford; Oxford University Press. P. 22 Gerber, J. Rudolph. Legalizing Marijuana: Drug Policy Reform and Prohibition Politics. 2004. New York; Praeger. p. 45 Lawrence, Lorimer. Marijuana. Encyclopedia Year Book. 1993. pp. 214-215. Grolier Incorporated. Canada. Leon, Adams.
Marihuana. Encyclopedia International. 1979. Vol. 11. pp. 347-365. Lexicon Publications. Philippines. Shepard, M. Edward. & Paul R. Blackley. The Impact of Marijuana Law Enforcement in an Economic Model of Crime. Journal of Drug Issues, 2007. Vol. 37 pp 1-45 Solomon, Snyder. Legalization: A Debate. The Encyclopedia of Psychoactive Drugs. 1988. Series 2. Chelsea House Publishers. New York. United States General Accounting Office. Marijuana early experiences with four states’ laws that allow use for medical purposes. 2002. DIANE Publishing, ISBN 1428945210; 9781428945210. p. 5-6