and 1285 hectares at present producing 391 metric

and
is growing popular among the Nepalese since the last few decades. At present,
coffee cultivation is spread in over two dozen districts of the mid hill
regions. Coffee, a commercial crop, requires an exceptionally apposite
geographic and climatic condition in the country.  “Wake up to the cheering cup” is
the age-old adage that best describes the stimulating qualities of coffee, the classic
beverage. Besides stimulation, moderate intake of coffee has proven to be
playing a health protective role.  It is
a beverage, not only because of the above qualities but also on account of its
trade value. In the international trade of commodities, coffee occupies a place
of pride next only to oil. Value of coffee sold / brought in the international
market is estimated at about US$ 130 billion in 2006/07. Another virtue of
coffee that it is produced in about 50 developing countries and is consumed
mostly in the developed countries. It is not an exaggeration to say that the
economies of many coffee producing countries depend on the earnings from this
crop. “There is a great potentiality for coffee cultivation in hills, due
to suitable climate, topography, soil structure, relative humidity, temperature
and rainfall,” says Gyanendra Adhikari, president of Central Coffee
Cooperative Union (CCU) Limited. The ecological settings in the Himalayan hills
provide Nepalese coffee an exceptional opportunity to enter international
specialty markets. Coffee has been a major beverage throughout history and has
become a source of everybody’s interest in the present world too.  “Coffee is a relatively new crop.
Therefore the entire sector chain from certified organic production, through
quality processing and handling, to domestic and international marketing needs
to be strengthened,” says Pharsuram Acharya, managing director of CCU.
Moreover, over 80 per cent coffee is produced in Gulmi, Palpa, Argakhanchi,
Lalitpur, Tanahu, Lamjung, Kaski, Gorkha, Syangja, Parbat, Myagdi. But some
other districts of mid-hill such as Sindhupalchowk, Nuwakot, Kaski, Baglung,
Kavre etc. are also successfully growing and producing coffee beans and have
been increasing their productions year after year.  This will certainly help in diversifying
production process and will increase the income of the farmers as well as other
individuals involved in processing and marketing of coffee, says Acharya.
Coffee is grown in small family farms under the shade in the north-faced hills.  The area of coffee plantation has reached
1285 hectares at present producing 391 metric tons of dry cherry. According to
Nepal Tea and Coffee Development Board, the quantity of Coffee green bean
exported in 2005/06 was 91500 KG and in 2011/12 was 109442 KG. Nepal exports
the coffee beans mostly to Japan, Korea, the USA, Germany, the Netherlands,
Canada and other countries. The major stakeholders working in the production,
development, processing and marketing of coffee are: Central Coffee Cooperative
Union Limited (CCU), National Coffee Producers Association (NCPA), Plantec
Nepal Inc., Royal Everest Coffee Mills (P) Ltd., Highland Coffee, Department of
Tea and Coffee Development and National Tea and Coffee Development Board
(NTCDB). “From the high country of Nepal, nestled in the Himalayans, this
coffee has light body and excellent flavor. The amazing fact is that these
unroasted coffee beans get out of Nepal by the way of pack animals out of

the
port in India to Japan, Korea, the U.S and other countries where it is roasted
in small batches,” says Yubha Raj Acharya, manager of Gulmi Organic
Coffee. Gulmi Organic Coffee was the only certified organic coffee in Nepal
that has been exported to Japan, Korea and other European and American markets.
According to a report of District Cooperative Federation, the coffee farmers in
the district are able to earn a considerable amount to sustain their life.
“A coffee farmer earns at least 25 to 30 thousand Nepalese rupees per year
from coffee,” the report said. Besides this, they earned almost the same
amount from inter-cropping in the coffee plantation areas, the report
stated.  Sheshkanta Gautam, a coffee
farmer, happily shared that he earned nearly 30 thousand Nepalese rupees from
coffee last year. He told The Rising Nepal that so far no problems had been
encountered in the marketing of coffee. The local cooperatives have been
assisting to market the product.  Asked
about the problems associated with organic farming, Gautam says that though
organic farming was a troublesome and laborious task, it overwhelmed the
farmers when they got high pay off. The demand of Nepali organic coffee in the
international market had gone up significantly in the last couple of years,
said Adhikari. The commercial farming of coffee began only 25 years ago. Today,
it is commercially grown in 23 districts that covers 1400 hectares of land, he
added. Acharya, who claims to be a forerunner in the organic campaign says that
organic farming integrates wild biodiversity, agro biodiversity and soil
conservation. At the same time it eliminated the use of chemical fertilizers,
pesticides and genetically modified organisms (GMOs), which was not only an
improvement for human health, but also for the fauna and flora associated with
farm and farm environment. He said that the demand for the organic products was
very high in the international market. “So, we should focus on organic
production to sell it and get a good price in the international market,”
he added.  To increase productivity in
coffee orchards through improved farming practices the systems with the
development of internal control system for small farm certification should be
carried out, he further says.  He pointed
at some points to improve for the development of coffee in Nepal. The poins
included improved quality of coffee in the cup through adequate technology and
quality management during harvesting, processing, packing and storage; improved
marketing system including a common quality grading system, trade mark
introduction, and exploration of market expansion at national and international
level; strengthened governance and transparency in the sector through producer
organization at local, district and national level, informal trader forum and
coordination among stakeholders; development of local resource persons from
among coffee producers as local service providers, etc. “We are delighted
to introduce organic coffee in the Himalayan Kingdom of Nepal. It is well known
for its beautiful and highest mountains in the world. Our coffee is a specialty
as it is the first-rate Arabica, shade grown, organically produced and sundried
green beans from the Himalayas,” adds Acharya. “It is 100% hand
sorted and cleaned. Our coffee is produced by small farmers who are helping to
sustain their livelihood of this backward region.”  “The demand for Nepali coffee is ever
growing, as 65 per cent of the total production is already being exported to
the international markets like Japan, European Union, South Korea and the
United States,” says Binaya Kumar Mishra, executive director at the NTCDB

Coffee Facts and Figures:

·        
Specialty coffee is defined as a coffee
that has no defects and has a distinctive flavor in the cup 

·        
Specialty coffee, a term that refers to
the highest quality green beans roasted by true craftspeople

·        
Coffee is second only to oil in terms of
dollars trade worldwide

·        
Everyday, Americans drink more than 300
million cups of coffee; 75 % of those cups are homebrewed

·        
Like wine and honey, specialty coffee
has a unique flavor

·        
To be considered truly fresh, coffee
should be ground right before brewing and brewed within three to seven days of
roasting

·        
The vast majority of the world’s coffee
is the Arabica species

·        
Coffee originated in Ethiopia

·        
The global coffee industry employs more
than 20 million people

·        
It takes approximately 42 coffee beans
to make an average serving