Agriculture Livestock population (Millions No.) Year 2012-13 2013-14

Agriculture
sector contributed 19.8 percent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2015-16 and
remained the biggest employer of 42.3 percent of the total country’s
population. The farming is a source of 43.5 percent of rural population (GOP,
2015-16). Livestock animals are important part of agriculture. Its part is
urgent towards country financial improvement. Almost 8 million families
associated with animals, raising more than 35 percent wages from livestock
activities. (GOP, 2015-16).The Livestock part having commitment of 58.6 percent
in the agriculture sector 11.6 percent to the  GDP in 2015-16 recorded a positive development
of 3.63 percent during  FY 2016
contrasted with 3.99 percent development in similar period . Animals segment
(which is less unpredictable) does not get the due consideration of approach in
Pakistan. Domesticated animals has the biggest contribution (58 percent) in
agribusiness when contrasted with crops (37 percent).It plays an important role
in rural economy  as supplementing family
livelihoods and creating profitable work in the country population  especially among the landless workers, little
and minimal agriculturists and women . Animals comprises of cows, sheep, goat,
camel, horses, asses, donkeys and poultry and their items. The generation of
domesticated animals items, drain, poultry items and other dairy products
expanded at the rate of 2.95 percent, 3.25 percent, 7.49 percent and 1.28
percent, respectively (GOP, 2014-15). Net esteem expansion of domesticated
animals at steady cost factor of 2005-06 has expanded from Rs. 1247 billion
(2014-15) to Rs. 1292 billion (2015-16), demonstrating an expansion of 3.63
percent over a similar period (GOP, 2015-16). The domesticated animals’
population throughout the previous four years is provided in table 1.1.

Table 1: Livestock population from
2012-16

Species

Livestock
population (Millions No.)

Year

2012-13

2013-14

2014-15

2015-16

Cattle

38.3

39.7

41.2

42.8

Buffalo

33.7

34.6

35.6

36.6

Sheep

28.8

29.1

29.4

29.8

Goat

64.9

66.6

68.4

70.3

Camels

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

Horses

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

Asses

4.8

4.8

5.0

5.1

Mules

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

Source: Economic survey of Pakistan 2015-16

Domesticated
animals raising at little scale is to a great extent a women activity.
Particularly livestock management is assumed to be a women’s responsibility.
For livestock rearing women, farm manure is essential source of fuel and as a source
to enlarge the family income. Dairying was initially created as a ladies
industry (Chavangi and Hanssen, 1983). Women empowerment in domesticated
animals is a worldwide point of view, women clears more offer of animals work
than men. Women engaged with domesticated animals are poor in basic leadership.

Women
of rural areas work for 16 hours in a day but they remain as unpaid labor
.Almost 70% rural women are involved in farm production and livestock
activities. It has been assessed that women invest more energy in minding
domesticated animals, in the wake of performing household obligations. In dairy
creation the women are involved in different activities like fodder cutting,
gathering and handling compost .In Nepal, goat raising tasks have demonstrated
fruitful in salary producing exercises for poor rural women. Ladies give 55% of
their opportunity to family works and 25-30% to domesticated animals creation
(Kaztuwal, 1991). Most of country individuals claim animals which gives a
higher offer of family salary to poor and landless families particularly for
women (Miller, 2001).

Regardless
of this commitment, women work has not been perceived on national level. They
have no entrance to data source identifying with basic issues like adjusted
eating routine, medicinal services, sanitation, care of pregnant creatures and
new conceived calf, remedy method of draining and nourishing, slightest access
to veterinary administrations, and genuine breed survival and manual sperm
injection strategies. Their working productivity has decreased because of
absence of specialized information in animals’ administration. All through the
world the women have exceptionally constrained access to preparing offices and
innovation is once in a while intended to survey and address the requirements
of country women in regards to domesticated animals generation and
administration. Any exertion for easing of destitution without dynamic
cooperation of women is bound to come up short. Unless women are permitted to
investigate their potential, the provincial scene will stay unaltered. In spite
of the fact that ladies are an essential piece of the nation’s economy, their
offer in monetary advantages, openings and access to assets isn’t equivalent
with their efforts. In the event that women are given simple access to small credit
and animals related trainings through accessible windows, for example, Pakistan
Poverty Alleviation Fund (PPAF), Rural Support Programs (RSP), First Women Bank
(FWB), Agricultural Development Bank (ADB) and Khushali Bank (KB), they can
lead the nation to advance.

Objectives

·        
To describe the
socio-economic characteristics of women that participate in livestock
production

·        
To study women extent of involvement in
different livestock activities

·        
To give recommendations in the light of
the findings of this study