Abstract the smart city concept and propose a

Abstract

The smart city concept represents a compelling
platform for IT-enabled service innovation. It offers a view of the city where
service providers use information technologies to occupy with inhabitants to
create more effective urban organizations and systems that can improve the
quality of life. The emerging Internet of Things (IoT) model is foundational to
the development of smart cities. Integrated cloud-oriented architecture of
networks, software, sensors, human interfaces, and data analytics are essential
for value creation. IoT smart-connected products and the services they
provision will become essential for the future development of smart cities.
This paper will explore the smart city concept and propose a strategy
development model for the implementation of IoT systems in a smart city
context.

 

Introduction

 

The digital space has witnessed major transformations in the
last couple of years and as per industry experts would continue to evolve itself.
The latest entrant to the digital space is the Internet of Things (IoT). IoT
can also be defined as interplay for software, telecom and electronic hardware
industry and promises to offer tremendous opportunities for many industries.
With the advent of the Internet of Things (IoT), fed by sensors soon to number
in the trillions, working with intelligent systems in the billions, and
involving millions of applications, the Internet of Things will drive new
consumer and business behavior that will demand increasingly intelligent
industry solutions, which, in turn, will drive trillions of dollars in
opportunity for IT industry and even more for the companies that take advantage
of the IoT. The number of Internet-connected devices (12.5 billion) surpassed the
number of human beings (7 billion) on the planet in 2011, and by 2020,
Internet-connected devices are expected to number between 26 billion and 50
billion globally. Therefore to leverage India’s strength as a leader in the
global service industry, through suitable promotion and supportive mechanisms
the draft IoT policy has been formulated to create IoT ecosystem in the
country.

 

The
Indian Government’s plan of developing 100 smart cities in the country, for
which Rs. 7,060 crores has been allocated in the current budget could lead to a
massive and quick expansion of IoT in the country. Also, the launch of the
Digital

India
Program of the Government, which aims at ‘transforming India into digital
empowered society and knowledge economy’ will provide the required impetus for
development of the IoT industry in the country. The various initiatives
proposed to be taken under the Smart City concept and the Digital India Program
to setup Digital Infrastructure in the country would help boost the IoT
industry. IoT will be critical in making these cities smarter. Some of the key
aspects of a smart city

·Smart
parking

·Intelligent Transport System                        

·Smart
urban lighting.

·Waste
management.

·Smart
city maintenance

·Tele-care

·Citizen
safety

·Smart
Grid

·Smart
Energy

·Water
Management

 

Among other things, IoT can help automate solutions to
problems faced by various industries like agriculture, health services, energy,
security, disaster management etc. through remotely connected devices. IoT
offers avenues for telecom operators & system integrators to significantly
boost their revenues and has resulted in their taking lead in adoption of IoT
applications and services being offered by the technology

            Apart
from direct IoT applications, the IT industry also has an opportunity to
provide solutions, services and analytics related to IoT.

 

 

 

Smart
City Implementation Models based on IoT

 

Recently, many local
governments have been aiming to implement an IoT-based smart city through the
construction of a test bed for IoT verification and an integrated infrastructure.
This movement also corresponds to the creative economy that is emphasized by
the Indian government. In this chapter, smart city implementation models based
on IoT that can be implemented by local governments are described through
examples.

 

Smart
Traffic Service

 

Major smart traffic
services include smart parking services to prevent illegal parking and
facilitate convenient parking 5, citizen participation-oriented illegal
parking prevention services, and smart safe crosswalk services. Smart parking
refers to the construction of a platform that enables real-time checking of
available space and parking prices in areas that require parking and facilitation
of reservation/payment through Web and mobile connections. The citizen
participation-oriented illegal parking prevention service is an improvement of
the illegal parking crackdown system of the traffic authority by allowing
citizens (including victims of illegal parking) to conveniently report such
violations through their smartphones. Furthermore, the smart safe crosswalk
service can contribute to the prevention of pedestrian accidents and secondary
car accidents by detecting pedestrians in children protection zones, and
alerting pedestrians and approaching vehicles through electronic display
boards.

 

Smart
Education Service

 

This service provides
real-time, interactive high-definition lectures that feel like face to-face
meetings at home through high-definition (HD) services and wide-area Internet
infrastructure. Instructors participate in the lectures by using equipment in
private educational institutes or separate places, and even foreign language
teachers in other countries can access this service through the Internet.

 

 

Internet of Things involves three
distinct stages:

 

1.
The sensors which collect data (including identification and addressing the
sensor/device),

2.
An application which collects and analyzes this data for further consolidation
and,

3.
Decision making and the transmission of data to the decision-making server.

Analytical
engines, actuators and Big data may be used for the decision making process. Several
countries like US, South Korea, China among others, have taken lead in their
preparedness for taking advantage for IoT.

 

Conclusion

This study is
significant in outlining general information about IoT, such as definition,
market size, and status of IoT, which has become a hot IT topic nowadays, and
in presenting applicable IoT business models to help business entities and
research institutes participating in related projects build a smart city as
part of the future vision of local governments by reflecting the new
information paradigm of IoT. A limitation of this study, however, is the lack
of available data in India that hinders the required empirical analysis on the
benefits of IoT technology. We hope that more research in this field will be
conducted in the future.