A few years after Confederation, the once booming BNA economy was suppressed. Canada’s trading and settling becoming abandoned was most likely caused by the Long Depression, which was affecting almost the whole world. Demand for Canadian resources decreased drastically. Also, protectionist policies in the U.S and Europe hurt Canada’s trade. Protectionism: The economic policy of restraining trade between states and/or (countries) through methods such as tariffs (taxes) on imported goods, restrictive quotas, and a variety of other government regulations.There was very little immigration to Canada during this time. Despite Canada’s efforts to get settling up and running in the west,few immigrants were willing to settle on Canada’s cold and dry prairies while nice, spacious land was still available in the U.S.. After these tough times Canada desperately wanted new settlers, they could bring new things to the table. Although there was some immigration after 1867, The boom did not fully take off until 1896. The immigration boom was one of the most important times, and a milestone in Canada’s population growth. The Prairies – (Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta) grew very quickly during this movement as settlers began to change the prairie flatland and create settlements. By 1911, 13 towns with populations of about 5,000 had been created.There were many reasons people immigrated to Canada; better economic opportunities, better quality of life, a freedom from oppression and persecution, and many opportunities and adventures. There were many significant changes in Canada leading up to 1867 that made the Prairie immigration boom possible. Some examples are;The Transcontinental Railroad which made transportation and travel easy and simple,The Dominion Lands Act of 1872 which created free and fertile homes for settlers; the creation of the North-West Mounted Police in 1873 which guaranteed the safety of Prairie residents, etc. For most immigrants, these things made the Canadian Prairies seem like a safe place to resettle.From 1896 onwards, there was tons of movement into the prairies. The dutch and the germans were 2 of the most desirable groups to settle in the prairies ever. This created a huge spike in Canada’s most dependable industries; agriculture, mining and oil.